Managua

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Managua

(mänä`gwä), city (1995 pop. 819,731), W Nicaragua, capital and largest city of Nicaragua, on the southern shore of Lake Managua. It is the commercial and industrial center of the country. Situated on the Inter-American Highway, the city is the hub of Nicaragua's railroads. Managua was made permanent capital in 1855 to end the bitter feud between GranadaGranada
, city (1995 pop. 74,396), W Nicaragua, on Lake Nicaragua. It is Nicaragua's third largest city and the center of commerce on Lake Nicaragua. Located in a rich agricultural region, Granada has been the stronghold of Nicaragua's landed aristocracy; manufactures include
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 and LeónLeón,
city (1995 pop. 125,117), W Nicaragua. It is Nicaragua's second largest city and the rail and commercial center between Corinto and Managua. It was founded in 1524 on Lake Managua by Francisco Fernández de Córdoba and moved west to its present site in
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. During periods of disorder (1912–25 and 1926–33), it was occupied by U.S. marines. Managua is generally hot and sultry. A fairly constant wind blows from nearby Lake Managua, notable for the same marine phenomena as Lake NicaraguaNicaragua, Lake,
3,089 sq mi (8,001 sq km), c.100 mi (160 km) long and up to 45 mi (72 km) wide, SW Nicaragua; the largest lake of Central America. It is drained into the Caribbean Sea by the San Juan River.
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 and flanked by the smoking volcano Momotombo. Many residences and farms have been established on the cooler heights rising in the southern outskirts of the city. Managua was damaged by earthquake and fire in 1931 and by fire in 1936. On Dec. 23, 1972, it was almost completely destroyed in an earthquake that took more than 10,000 lives. The old city center went largely unrestored, and only partially rebuilt. The old cathedral (1920s) survives mainly as a shell; the new cathedral, a controversial modern structure, was completed in 1993. Managua also suffered damage in the fighting between government troops and SandinistasSandinistas,
members of a left-wing Nicaraguan political party, the Sandinist National Liberation Front (FSLN). The group, named for Augusto Cesar Sandino, a former insurgent leader, was formed in 1962 to oppose the regime of Anastasio Somoza Debayle.
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 in 1978–79, and it was hit by a hurricane in 1998.

Managua

 

the capital of Nicaragua; the administrative and cultural center of the country. Located on the southeastern shore of Lake Managua, on the Pan-American Highway. Population, 398,500 (1971; 163,000 in 1950). A railroad line connects it with the port of Corinto on the Pacific coast. Its airport (Las Mercedes) is of international importance. Managua’s climate is subequatorial: the average temperature is 28°C in December and 30°C in May. The average precipitation is 1,213 mm a year.

Managua and its suburbs are an independent administrative unit, a national district, with an administration consisting of an executive commission appointed by the president. The head of the administration is the minister of the national district, who is also appointed by the central government.

Managua was founded by the Spanish in the 16th century on the site of an Indian settlement. Until the early 19th century, the city was not particularly significant and was mentioned only in some of the chronicles. In 1846, Managua received the status of a city. In 1858 it became the capital of the Republic of Nicaragua (until that time, the cities of Masaya, León,, and Granada had alternately held the position). From 1912 to 1925 and from 1926 to 1933, Managua was occupied by US troops. After World War II, the city was a center for the labor and student movement.

Managua has textiles, leather and footwear, food-processing and cement industries and oil refining. The city’s educational institutions include the Nicaraguan division of the University of Central America, the National Academy of Philosophy, the Academy of Geography and History of Nicaragua, and other scientific institutions and societies. The National Archives and the National Museum of Nicaragua are located in Managua.

The city has frequently been heavily damaged as a result of natural disasters (particularly the flood in 1876 and the earth-quakes in 1931 and 1972) and has been rebuilt after each catastrophe.


Managua

 

a lake in Central America, in Nicaragua. Length, about 60 km; maximum width, 28 km; area, 1,489 sq km; maximum depth, 80 m. It lies in a tectonic depression at a height of 37 m. It periodically overflows southeast into Lake Nicaragua. The lake is navigable. The Momotombo volcano rises above the northern shore of the lake, and the capital of Nicaragua, the city of Managua, is on the southern shore.

Managua

1. the capital of Nicaragua, on the S shore of Lake Managua: chosen as capital in 1857. Pop.: 1 159 000 (2005 est.)
2. Lake. a lake in W Nicaragua: drains into Lake Nicaragua by the Tipitapa River. Length: 61 km (38 miles). Width: about 26 km (16 miles)
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Managuan pharmacy personnel's knowledge about the time frame in which the method is most effective was much lower than that of pharmacists in Jamaica and Barbados (22) (45% vs.
Managuan pharmacy personnel also had less knowledge about how the pills work than did their counterparts in Jamaica (22) and Kenya: (24) Only 59% knew that the pills work by preventing pregnancy.
Managuan pharmacies have frequent contact with Nicaraguan women in need of emergency contraception and play an important role as providers of emergency contraceptive pills and reproductive health care counselors.