Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.


(mänäs`), town and oasis, central Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China, on the Manas River, in the Dzungarian basin. It is the center of a large mechanized-farm area. Wheat, millet, sugar beets, melons, and cotton are grown. Since 1952 an extensive irrigation project, directed by the Chinese army, has reclaimed much acreage for cultivation. Oil deposits are in the area. The name sometimes appears as Ma-na-ssu.



a river in northeastern India and Bhutan, with its sources in China. A right-bank tributary of the Brahmaputra. Length, about 400 km. The Manas rises in the Himalayas, which it crosses in a longitudinal valley; it then enters an alluvial lowland and flows along a broad valley in an undulating riverbed. High water occurs in the spring and summer, owing to snow and glacial meltwaters and monsoonal rains. There is frequent flooding. The river is used for irrigation.



the epic of the Kirghiz people.

Manas contains more than 500,000 lines in verse. Over the course of centuries, the Kirghiz people preserved the epic in oral form. The first prerevolutionary written records of Manas date to 1856, when the Kazakh scholar and ethnographer Ch. Ch. Valikhanov set down the excerpt “The Funeral Banquet in Commemoration of Koketei.” In 1862 and 1869, the Russian scholar Academician V. V. Radlov also wrote down episodes from the epic. A complete written version of Manas became possible only after the October Revolution of 1917. In the archives of the Academy of Sciences of the Kirghiz SSR, there are more than 18 variants collected from different reciters of the epic, who are called manaschi.

Scholars have still not arrived at a single opinion concerning the chronological origin of the epic. Manas recounts the heroic deeds of Manas in his defense of the Kirghiz land from foreign invaders. The parts “Semetei” (Manas’ son) and “Seitek” (Semetei’s son) are links in a single epic trilogy.


Manas: Kïskartïlïp-birik-tirilgen variant, vols. 1-3. Frunze, 1958-60.
Kirgizskii geroicheskii epos “Manas.” Moscow, 1961.


Auezov, M. “Kirgizskii geroicheskii epos ‘Manas.’” In Mysli raznykh let. Alma-Ata, 1959.
Kerimzhanova, B. ”Semetei” i “Seitek.” Frunze, 1961.
Kydyrbaeva, R. Z. K probleme traditsionnogo i indrndual’nogo v epose “Manas.” Frunze, 1967.
Mamïirov, M. Sayakbay Karalaevdin “Manas” ëposunun ideyal ïk-körkörmduk dzgdchulugu. Frunze, 1962.
Mamitbekov, Z., and Ë. Abdïldaev. “Manas” ëposunun izildïïnön këë bir maseleleri. Frunze, 1966.


References in periodicals archive ?
Operating expenses of Manas in 2014 amounted to 2,028,766,400 KGS.
Rosneft signed a non-binding memorandum to purchase 51% share of Manas Airport.
Earlier Kyrgyz Parliament denounced the agreement on deployment of the Transit Centre at Manas, and this bill was signed by Kyrgyz President.
Indeed, since the American military was evicted from Uzbekistan's Karshi-Khanabad (K2) airbase in 2005, Manas is the last affordable U.
I would request you to please call it Manas Sarovar and not Mansarovar," said the country's former high commissioner to Bangladesh and ambassador to Nepal.
Manas has expertise particularly in prepayment systems since 1996, and became one of the dominant companies in a short time.
Igor Sechin, the chairman of Rosneft and a close ally of both Kyrgyzstan s Acting Prime Minister Djoomart Otorbaev and Russian President Vladimir Putin, inked a non-binding memorandum on his company s intentions to buy around 51% of Manas shares for up to $1 billion.
In relation to the recent commitment by Santos to phase 2, Manas Chairman Heinz Scholz commented: "It's a clear indication of the robustness of the Kyrgyz oil exploration assets that Santos, a large oil and gas producer, would choose to spend millions of dollars on these assets even though oil's price has fallen to below $50 a barrel.
It is an honor and a privilege for Multimax to expand our support to new customers at Manas AB in Kyrgyzstan and at ESC/OSSW Engineering and Integration Systems Squadron locations.
The joint venture will take over fiduciary management of Manas and Osh airports.
The Board of Directors would like to thank Peter-Mark Vogel for his contribution to Manas in the past years and wishes him well for his new assignment.
Manas Petroleum is an international oil and gas company.