Manchester school

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Manchester school,

group of English political economists of the 19th cent., so called because they met at Manchester. Their most outstanding leaders were Richard CobdenCobden, Richard
, 1804–65, British politician, a leading spokesman for the Manchester school. He made a fortune as a calico printer in Manchester. A firm believer in free trade, after 1838 he devoted himself to the formation and work of the Anti-Corn-Law League.
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 and John BrightBright, John,
1811–89, British statesman and orator. He was the son of a Quaker cotton manufacturer in Lancashire. A founder (1839) of the Anti-Corn Law League, he rose to prominence on the strength of his formidable oratory against the corn laws.
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. Their chief tenet was that the state should interfere as little as possible in economic matters (see laissez-fairelaissez-faire
[Fr.,=leave alone], in economics and politics, doctrine that an economic system functions best when there is no interference by government. It is based on the belief that the natural economic order tends, when undisturbed by artificial stimulus or regulation, to
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), and they advocated free tradefree trade,
in modern usage, trade or commerce carried on without such restrictions as import duties, export bounties, domestic production subsidies, trade quotas, or import licenses.
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See F. W. Hirst, ed., Free Trade and other Fundamental Doctrines of the Manchester School (1903, repr. 1968); W. D. Grampp, The Manchester School of Economics (1960).

References in periodicals archive ?
She graduated from Manchester School of Art in 2011 with a First Class BA (Hons) in illustration with animation.
Students who participate must live in the Manchester School District.
I remember being asked to join the Manchester School choir, which was a lovely offer.
He received his Masters in International Business from Manchester School of Management and a Bachelor degree in Computation at UMIST, in the United Kingdom.
Also shortlisted for this year's prize was the London Aquatics Centre, which hosted the Olympic swimming events, the Saw Swee Hock Student Centre at the London School Of Economics, the Shard and the Manchester School of Art.
Talking to Times of Oman, Professor Soumyen Bandyopadhyay, of the Manchester School of Architecture of the Manchester Metropolitan University, said that these sites have enormous historical importance.
Dr John Roberts from The University of Manchester School of Physics and Astronomy commented, “Working in partnership with The Smallpeice Trust and the National Nuclear Laboratory enables us to provide an introduction into nuclear engineering to Key Stage 4 pupils in a challenging and invigorating way.
Manchester School of Art by Feilden Clegg Bradley Studios
Following school he attended the Manchester School of Art, but left before completing the course.
We observe fewer galaxy clusters than we would expect from the Planck results and there is a weaker signal from gravitational lensing of galaxies than the CMB would suggest," Professor Richard Battye, from the University of Manchester School of Physics and Astronomy, said.
1 MICHELLE was born in Stockport and attended St Patrick's RC High School in Salford and later the Manchester School of Acting.
His previous antics include breaking into a women's prison, visiting a Manchester school to help a child who was being bullied, and setting fire to his house after letting off rockets in his bathroom.

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