Manco Capac


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Manco Capac

(mäng`kō käpäk`), legendary founder of the Inca dynasty of Peru. According to the most frequently told story, four brothers, Manco Capac, Ayar Anca, Ayar Cachi, and Ayar Uchu, and their four sisters, Mama Ocllo, Mama Huaco, Mama Cura (or Ipacura), and Mama Raua, lived at Paccari-Tampu [tavern of the dawn], several miles distant from Cuzco. They gathered together the tribes of their locality, marched on the Cuzco Valley, and conquered the tribes living there. Manco Capac had by his sister-wife, Mama Ocllo, a son called Sinchi Roca (or Cinchi Roca). Authorities concede that the first Inca chief to be a historical figure was called Sinchi Roca (c.1105–c.1140). Thus the foundation for an empire was laid. Another legend relates that the Sun created a man and a woman on an island in Lake Titicaca. They were given a golden staff by the Sun, their father, who bade them settle permanently at whatever place the staff should sink into the earth. At a hill overlooking the present city of Cuzco the staff of gold disappeared into the earth. They gathered around them a great many people and founded the city of Cuzco and the Inca state.

Manco Capac,

d. 1544, last of the Inca rulers, son of Huayna CapacHuayna Capac
, d. 1525, Inca of Peru, last of the great emperors. The Inca empire reached its greatest extent and power under his rule, but disruptive forces were already at work.
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. After the deaths of HuáscarHuáscar
, d. 1533, Inca of Peru; son of Huayna Capac. At his father's death (1525) he became emperor, but had to share the empire with his younger half-brother, Atahualpa.
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 and AtahualpaAtahualpa
, d. 1533, favorite son of Huayna Capac, Inca of Peru. At his father's death (1525) he received the kingdom of Quito while his half-brother, the legitimate heir Huáscar, inherited the rest of the Inca empire.
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, Manco Capac was crowned (1534) emperor by the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro but was tolerated only as a puppet. He escaped, levied a huge army, and in 1536 laid siege to Cuzco, the Inca capital; the defense was commanded by Hernando Pizarro. Although the Native Americans had by now learned some European tactics of war they were outclassed by technical advantages. Also, Manco Capac could not prevent dismemberment of his army at harvest time. The heroic siege, which virtually destroyed the city, was abandoned after ten months, but during the ensuing eight years the Inca's name became a terror throughout Peru. Manco Capac fought a bloody guerrilla war against soldiers and settlers. He was treacherously murdered after giving refuge to the defeated supporters of Diego de Almagro, who had rebelled against Pizarro.

Manco Capac

 

according to Inca oral tradition, the first Inca; the son of the sun and the moon. Manco Capac was sent to earth by the sun to save the people from barbarity and self-destruction. He was to teach them farming and crafts and establish the cult of the “true” gods: the sun god, moon god, and Pachacamac—the creator of the world. Manco Capac was the first (mythical) ruler of the vast Inca Tuwantin-suyu state.

References in periodicals archive ?
El blindado chileno Cochrane y la goleta Covadonga inician un bombardeo contra los fuertes y el Manco Capac, que esta vez no salio de su fondeadero protegido por las baterias de tierra.
Finalmente, el Aeropuerto Internacional Manco Capac, el mas largo del Peru con 4200 m de longitud y 46 m de ancho, localizado a 3826 m de altitud, construido a partir de 1925 como el primer aerodromo rural; fue trasladado a su actual ubicacion en la decada de 1960 y asfaltado en la de 1980.
The myth of the Incas got me confused because when I was in Peru, Manco Capac also founded the Inca Dynasty in Cusco.
Un trabajo sobre el padre Juan Andres Jimenez de Leon Manco Capac se debe al historiador argentino Ernesto Etchepareborda (Anuario de Estudios Americanos, tomo XXIII.
El segundo personaje de la conspiracion vivia en la misma capital de la Audiencia y se trataba nada menos que del prebendado de la catedral, don Andres Jimenez de Leon y Manco Capac, un personaje enigmatico que se decia descendiente de los incas y que aparentemente tenia una posicion ideologica radical en contra de la presencia espanola en America (24).
Perhaps this water that is running though our fingers now was deposited on the summit during the time when Manco Capac was beginning his travels.
As the Sun "in the form of a man was ascending into heaven very brilliant," it informed Inca chief Manco Capac that he had been chosen to rule, to conquer other nations, and to regard the Sun as his father.
49 The powerful ruler Manco Capac was the founder of which New World dynasty?
Legend tells that Cusco, the starting point for any visit to the ruins, was founded in the 12th century by the first Inca, Manco Capac.
Julien argues that while Spanish narratives attempted to manipulate Inca voices through their translations, the Inca sources continue to provide insights into the origins of the Cuzco and the people who lived there, Julien's assessment of Inca history provides valuable new insights into how the Inca elites generated both a genealogy of the Manco Capac lineage and a history of the leaders and deeds of Inca dynasties.
Sabemos, asi (y la introduccion de Ricardo Silva nos alerta al respecto) que las comedias que solian seguir a tales ceremonias aludian al "origen de los monarcas ingas del Peru", cuando no ilustraban sobre "como fue Manco Capac recibido por inga".