Manco Capac


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Manco Capac

(mäng`kō käpäk`), legendary founder of the Inca dynasty of Peru. According to the most frequently told story, four brothers, Manco Capac, Ayar Anca, Ayar Cachi, and Ayar Uchu, and their four sisters, Mama Ocllo, Mama Huaco, Mama Cura (or Ipacura), and Mama Raua, lived at Paccari-Tampu [tavern of the dawn], several miles distant from Cuzco. They gathered together the tribes of their locality, marched on the Cuzco Valley, and conquered the tribes living there. Manco Capac had by his sister-wife, Mama Ocllo, a son called Sinchi Roca (or Cinchi Roca). Authorities concede that the first Inca chief to be a historical figure was called Sinchi Roca (c.1105–c.1140). Thus the foundation for an empire was laid. Another legend relates that the Sun created a man and a woman on an island in Lake Titicaca. They were given a golden staff by the Sun, their father, who bade them settle permanently at whatever place the staff should sink into the earth. At a hill overlooking the present city of Cuzco the staff of gold disappeared into the earth. They gathered around them a great many people and founded the city of Cuzco and the Inca state.

Manco Capac,

d. 1544, last of the Inca rulers, son of Huayna CapacHuayna Capac
, d. 1525, Inca of Peru, last of the great emperors. The Inca empire reached its greatest extent and power under his rule, but disruptive forces were already at work.
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. After the deaths of HuáscarHuáscar
, d. 1533, Inca of Peru; son of Huayna Capac. At his father's death (1525) he became emperor, but had to share the empire with his younger half-brother, Atahualpa.
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 and AtahualpaAtahualpa
, d. 1533, favorite son of Huayna Capac, Inca of Peru. At his father's death (1525) he received the kingdom of Quito while his half-brother, the legitimate heir Huáscar, inherited the rest of the Inca empire.
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, Manco Capac was crowned (1534) emperor by the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro but was tolerated only as a puppet. He escaped, levied a huge army, and in 1536 laid siege to Cuzco, the Inca capital; the defense was commanded by Hernando Pizarro. Although the Native Americans had by now learned some European tactics of war they were outclassed by technical advantages. Also, Manco Capac could not prevent dismemberment of his army at harvest time. The heroic siege, which virtually destroyed the city, was abandoned after ten months, but during the ensuing eight years the Inca's name became a terror throughout Peru. Manco Capac fought a bloody guerrilla war against soldiers and settlers. He was treacherously murdered after giving refuge to the defeated supporters of Diego de Almagro, who had rebelled against Pizarro.

Manco Capac

 

according to Inca oral tradition, the first Inca; the son of the sun and the moon. Manco Capac was sent to earth by the sun to save the people from barbarity and self-destruction. He was to teach them farming and crafts and establish the cult of the “true” gods: the sun god, moon god, and Pachacamac—the creator of the world. Manco Capac was the first (mythical) ruler of the vast Inca Tuwantin-suyu state.

References in periodicals archive ?
Perhaps this water that is running though our fingers now was deposited on the summit during the time when Manco Capac was beginning his travels.
CUZCO CREATES AN IMMEDIATE IMPRESSION: the cradle of the Inca empire, where every street, every corner, every house bears witness to what was once the great city founded by Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo, children of the sun god.
Pachacuti, the great Inca emperor, transformed the vision of the first Inca, Manco Capac, into Tawantinsuyu, Land of the Four Directions, the Inca empire.
The Inca founder Manco Capac, like Pachacuti, was a poet.
The train, named after Hiram Bingham, is beautifully appointed, the waiter service and brunch are five-star quality, and the journey through the Sacred Valley spectacular Legend tells that Cusco, the starting point for any visit to the ruins, was founded in the 12th century by the first Inca, Manco Capac.
The Inca dynasty was founded by the legendary Manco Capac around the year 1200.