Mandan


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Related to Mandan: Hidatsa

Mandan

(măn`dăn, –dən), indigenous people of North America whose language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). The Mandan were a sedentary tribe of the Plains area and were culturally connected with their neighbors on the Missouri River, the ArikaraArikara
, Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Caddoan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). Archaeological evidence shows that they occupied the banks of the upper Missouri River since at least the 14th cent.
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 and the HidatsaHidatsa
, Native North Americans, also known as the Minitari and the Gros Ventre. Their language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languages).
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. The Mandan had certain distinctive cultural traits, which included a myth of origin in which their ancestors climbed from beneath the earth on the roots of a grapevine. According to tradition, at one time the Mandan lived to the east, but their movements in historic times were westward up the Missouri River. By the mid-18th cent., they lived in nine villages near the mouth of the Heart River in S central North Dakota. After having suffered severely from smallpox and the attacks of the Assiniboin and the Sioux, the Mandan moved farther up the Missouri River to a point opposite the Arikara villages. Here the Mandan survivors merged into two villages on opposite sides of the Knife River. They were visited (1804) by Lewis and Clark, who said that they numbered some 1,250. In 1837, after an epidemic of smallpox and cholera, the Mandan were reduced to some 150, all dwelling in a single village. When the Hidatsa moved (1845) from the Knife River region N to the Fort Berthold trading post, the few Mandan joined them. A large reservation was set aside (1870) for the Mandan, the Hidatsa, and the Arikara in North Dakota (Fort Berthold Reservation). There were some 1,200 Mandan in the United States in 1990.

Bibliography

See G. Catlin, O-Kee-Pa, a Religious Ceremony, and Other Customs of the Mandans (1867, centennial ed. by J. C. Ewers, 1967), E. A. Fenn, Encounters at the Heart of the World: A History of the Mandan People (2014).


Mandan

(măn`dăn, –dən), city (1990 pop. 15,177), seat of Morton co., S N.Dak., on the Missouri River opposite Bismarck; inc. 1881. A railroad division point, it is the distribution center for a grain, livestock, and dairy region. The city has a large cattle market and food-processing plants. Manufactures include wood and metal products and tile. Lewis and Clark wintered there (1804–5) in the Mandan Native American villages. A state industrial school is in the city, and a U.S. agricultural experiment station is nearby.
References in periodicals archive ?
He said teams comprising City Falcon, City Stars, Mehish Khail Cobra, Mandan Sultan, Akram Hunters, Domail Markoor, Meeran Gladiators, Eshaki Worriers, Sorani Thunders, Pakhtunkhwa XI, Baka Khail Lions etc will also be part of the overall League.
Happily, she disappears mid-way through the book and the focus shifts to the chronological history of the multiple factors that contributed to the demise but not extinction of the Mandan people.
Because Mandan Indians are still known today as the white-haired Indians.
Robert Mandan as the title character and Mili Avital as Cordelia in a scene from the Tier 4 Company production of ``King Lear,'' on stage at the Electric Lodge through Sept.
Mandan, ND 58554-0459; phone (701) 667-3079,fax (701) 667-3054, e-mail liebigm@mandan.
Purchase, NY, and the Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara (MHA) Nation have initiated their collaboration to conduct the first Diachrome Physician Supervised Health Outcomes Initiative among Native Americans living with type 2 diabetes.
George was a passionate student of the Mandan, Arikara and Hidatsa people, all of who farmed along the upper reaches of the Missouri River before Oscar arrived in the territory.
Sin embargo hay esperanza: aun no terminan los Juegos, quiza victoria se alcanza si mandan atletas nuevos, de esos que les echan .
Sponsored by the Northern Prairie Chapter of NAMA, the conference was held on May 6 at the Farm Credit Services AgriBusiness Center in Mandan, ND.
On the Great Plains in the center of the country, my Ponca Tribe is a tribe of the Sacred Pipe and Sundance as are the Omaha, Lakota, Cheyenne, Crow, Kiowa, Mandan and many other tribes of the plains.
The North Dakota State Conference will be hosted by the Bismarck Mandan MTA on October 31-November 2, 2003.