(redirected from Mandinga)
Also found in: Dictionary, Medical.



(1) The self-designation (also, Malinke, Man-ding, Wangara, Mandinga, Mali) of a group of peoples living in West Africa—in southern Gambia, northern and northeastern Republic of Guinea, western Mali, the Republic of the Ivory Coast, Senegal, and Portuguese Guinea (Bissau)—who speak the Malinke language. The group also includes the Koranko and Wasulunka in the Republic of Guinea, the Manyanka in Liberia, and several other groups.

(2) A name used primarily in French works to refer to a large group of closely related peoples: the Malinke proper, or Manding, Mandinga), the Bambara (Banmana), and the Dinla. All of them live along the upper course of the Senegal and Niger rivers; they constitute the main population of western Mali, northeastern Republic of Guinea, southern and eastern Senegal, and certain regions of the Republic of the Ivory Coast, Upper Volta, Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Portuguese Guinea (Bissau). Total population, approximately 4.2 million (1970, estimate).

The Mandingo speak languages related to the northern group of Mande languages. Most of the Mandingo are Muslims; old animistic beliefs and ancestor worship are still practiced in some areas. The chief occupation is farming (millet, corn, rice, kidney beans); livestock raising (goats, sheep, donkeys, poultry) is poorly developed; the Diula engage in trade. The basic form of Mandingo rural village settlements is a group of mud huts surrounded by a mud wall. A kindred group, usually a large patriarchal family, lives in each village. Traditional social relations, such as secret societies, caste differences, and age-class systems, are still partially retained in many regions. However, all of these ancient institutions are gradually disappearing.

According to legend, the historical center of the formation of the Mandingo peoples was located along the upper reaches of the Niger River, where, in the eighth century, the political unification of the Mandingo was achieved with the founding of the Mali state.


Sund’iatta: Mandingskii epos. Leningrad-Moscow, 1963. (Translated from French.)
Labouret, H. Les Manding et leur langue. Paris, 1934.
Labouret, H. Paysans d’Afrique occidentale. Paris [1941].




a group of languages that includes the Bambara, Malinke, and Diula dialects (Mande-tan group of the Mande languages). Malinke is spoken in Senegal, Sudan, the Republic of the Ivory Coast, Gambia, and Guinea (1.1 million people); Bambara is spoken in Senegal, Sudan, Guinea, and Upper Volta; Diula is spoken in the Republic of the Ivory Coast and Upper Volta. There are approximately 4.2 million speakers of Mandingo languages (1970, estimate).

Vowels are distinguished according to degree of opening (degree of aperture of the speech passage), for example, bere “stick,” bεrε “stone.” Other phonetic features include the presence of long vowels (ba “big,” “mother”), nasalized vowels (bo “to go out,” b5 “room”), and the labialized consonant gb. Suffixes are used in word formation and for inflection. Concept alienability and inalienability categories occur.


Delafosse, M. La Langue mandingue et ses dialectes, vol. 1. Paris, 1929.
Delaforge. Grammaire et méthode Bambara, 6th ed. Paris, 1947.


References in periodicals archive ?
The work of Al-Umars, a 14th century Islamic historian, who recorded the visit of Mansa Kankan Musa I, one of the most remarkable Mandinga emperors in Mali, when he stopped over in the Egyptian capital, Cairo, enroute to Mecca in 1324 AD, testify to the Mandinga expeditions across the Atlantic.
The Mandinga traded gold and woven cloth called "almaizar" (a cloth often made in various colours and used as a single garment from which other garments were made) with the Amerindians.
The Moors of North Africa who were in control of the southern part of Europe, also traded with the Mandinga kingdoms.
Important Antillean names for gold had derived from earlier Mandinga forms.
The following Antillean words for gold -- goana, caona, guani, guanin -- came directly from the Mandinga words for gold -- Ghana, kane, kani, kanine, Ghanin.
Hand harvesting is the only method used in the small lagoons of Mandinga and Alvarado.
The hand harvesters from Lagunas Mandinga to de Terminos work the oyster beds in a similar way, which ensures a crop will always be available for harvesting.
In Laguna Mandinga, Veracruz, some cooperatives are engaged in a new project that involves placing burlap bags, which have been soaked in a water slurry of cement, sand, and a small amount of ground oyster shell and then air-dried (Fig.
12) Jesus Chavez Campos, Cooperative secretary, Pescadores de Mandinga Cooperative, Veracruz, Mex.
JOHNSON, Michelle Cecilia, Being Mandinga, being Muslim: transnational debates on personhood and religious identity in Guinea-Bissau and Portugal.
Dancers from the Cowgate Family Group will accompany the entourage of Mandinga Arts' PachaMama, a Latin American goddess.