Manfred

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Manfred

(măn`frəd, Ger. män`frāt), c.1232–1266, king of Sicily (1258–66), the last HohenstaufenHohenstaufen
, German princely family, whose name is derived from the castle of Staufen built in 1077 by a Swabian count, Frederick. In 1079, Frederick married Agnes, daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV, and was created duke of Swabia.
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 on that throne. An illegitimate son of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II, Manfred was regent in Sicily for his brother Conrad IVConrad IV,
1228–54, German king (1237–54), king of Sicily and of Jerusalem (1250–54), son of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II. He was elected (1237) king of the Romans at his father's instigation after Frederick had deposed Conrad's older brother Henry in
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. Conrad died in 1254, and Manfred seized the regency for Conrad's young son, ConradinConradin
, 1252–68, duke of Swabia, titular king of Jerusalem and Sicily, the last legitimate Hohenstaufen, son of Holy Roman Emperor Conrad IV. While Conradin was still a child in Germany, his uncle Manfred made himself (1258) king of Sicily.
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. However, Pope Innocent IVInnocent IV,
d. 1254, pope (1243–54), a Genoese named Sinibaldo Fieschi, a distinguished jurist who studied and later taught law at the Univ. of Bologna; successor of Celestine IV. He was of a noble family.
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 and his successors, Alexander IV and Urban IVUrban IV,
d. 1264, pope (1261–64), a Frenchman (b. Troyes) named Jacques Pantaléon; successor of Alexander IV. In the pontifical service he was sent on missions into N Germany; then he was made bishop of Verdun (1253) and Latin patriarch of Jerusalem (1255).
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, were determined to stamp out the Hohenstaufen. Papal forces invaded Sicily, and Manfred was forced to restore (1254) the kingdom to the papacy, retaining only the duchy of Taranto in fief from the pope. Soon Manfred rebelled, reconquered S Italy and Sicily, assumed leadership of the antipapal forces throughout Italy, and had himself crowned (1258) at Palermo. Urban IV reacted by investing Charles of Anjou with Sicily as Charles ICharles I
(Charles of Anjou), 1227–85, king of Naples and Sicily (1266–85), count of Anjou and Provence, youngest brother of King Louis IX of France. He took part in Louis's crusades to Egypt (1248) and Tunisia (1270).
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. Invading Italy, Charles defeated Manfred at Benevento (1266). Manfred died in the battle, and Conradin was later captured and executed. After the Sicilian VespersSicilian Vespers,
in Italian history, name given the rebellion staged by the Sicilians against the Angevin French domination of Sicily; the rebellion broke out at Palermo at the start of Vespers on Easter Monday, Mar. 30, 1282.
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 (1282), Manfred's son-in-law, Peter III of Aragón, was chosen king of Sicily and began a new dynasty.

Manfred

magician, living alone in an Alpine castle, broods on his alienation from mankind and on his destruction of the woman he loved. [Br. Poetry: Byron “Manfred”]
See: Remorse
References in classic literature ?
Well, I was a million in advance with him, and now my fine Jacopo Manfredi suspends payment
Matteo Manfredi, Leonardo s CEO and Head of Advisory, Italy, would collaboratively supervise Houlihan Lokey s European Corporate Finance business alongside Steve Winningham, Houlihan Lokey s current Head of Corporate Finance, Europe.
Kim Manfredi and Chris Blades opened the first Charm City Yoga Studio in 2000 and have dedicated their lives to growing the yoga practice in Baltimore.
After George Williams kept the ball alive on the last tackle, Sean O'Loughlin's lofted kick allowed Dominic Manfredi to pick Ryan Hall's pocket in the air to close the gap to four.
The 2015 top 10 tryscoring charts is: 1: Jermaine McGillvary (Huddersfield Giants) 27 2: Tom Lineham (Hull FC) 25 3: Joe Burgess (Wigan Warriors) 23 4: Dominic Manfredi (Wigan Warriors) 21 5: Ryan Hall (Leeds Rhinos) 20 6: Justin Carney (Castleford Tigers) 18, Denny Solomona (Castleford Tigers) 18, Aaron Murphy (Huddersfield Giants) 18, Adam Swift (St Helens) 18 10: Joel Monaghan (Warrington Wolves) 17
But it was 12-0 by the 35th minute, as Dominic Manfredi took Sam Powell's high kick and sent the outstanding John Bateman over in the corner.
Critique: An extraordinary historical novel with great attention to detail, "Odysseus: The Oath" by Valerio Massimo Manfredi (an archeologist and scholar of the ancient world) is a deftly written, compelling and entertaining read from beginning to end.
Officer Carlos Manfredi said several people were detained for questioning after the shooting.
ySTANBUL (CyHAN)- Nino Manfredi, one of Italy's best known comedy-drama actors, who died on June 4, 2004 aged 83, will be remembered this week in Ankara thanks to a special program featuring eight of his feature films from the period between the late 1950s and the 1970s.
Warrington scored two tries inside the first 10 minutes, but it was winger Dom Manfredi who did most of the damage as he stole the limelight from Ben Flower and Sam Tomkins in front of a 14,175 crowd at the DW Stadium.
DOM JOLLY AT NEW DEAL WIGAN have rewarded young winger Dom Manfredi with a new four-year deal.
Mellow Gold ice cream is a well-established product which has been a firm favourite with our customers for more than 40 years," said Rebecca Manfredi, Suncream's Managing Director.