Callatis

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Callatis

 

(also Kallatis), an ancient Greek city-state on the western shore of the Black Sea (present-day Mangalia, Rumania).

Founded at the end of the sixth century B.C., Callatis quickly became a large city-state (polis) with a highly developed economy. From the early 330’s B.C. to 281 B.C. it was subject to Macedonia. Between 313 and 305 B.C. the inhabitants of Callatis were in a state of rebellion, which was supressed by Lysimachus. More than 1,000 Callatian citizens fled to the Bosporan State. Under Mithridates VI, Callatis became part of Pontus. In 28 B.C. it became part of the Roman province of Moesia. In the first half of the seventh century a.d., Callatis was destroyed during the Avar and Slav invasions. Excavations (from 1901, O. Tafrali, T. Sauciuc-Saveanu, and R. Vulpe) have uncovered the remains of massive defensive walls, city blocks, temples, public and private buildings, and numerous works of art, inscriptions, and household objects. The necropolises have been investigated. In one of the burials dating from the fourth century B.C., the remains of a Greek manuscript on papyrus were found.

REFERENCES

Blavatskaia, T. V. Zapadnopontiiskie goroda v. VII-I vv. do n. e. Moscow, 1952.
Preda, K. Kallatis. Bucharest, 1963. T. V. Blavatskaia
References in periodicals archive ?
Further south, yet enjoying a similar environment, there are already the famous independent centres of Adamclisi, Independenta, Cobadin, Chirnogeni, Techirghiol and Mangalia.
Shipbuilding industry is specific for this region, where there are several platforms: Braila, Galati, Tulcea, Constanta, Mangalia (South-East Regional Development Agency, 2013).
As Romania embarked on a breakneck repayment of its debt to western banks, particularly French ones, Ceausescu summoned intellectuals to the Black Sea resort of Mangalia to exhort them towards further cultural orthodoxy.
7) The social programs define the intentions and actions of all the these foundations: the Selimiye Association for Mutual Aid has recently opened a soup kitchen in Mangalia, and the Islamic Service Foundation offer their material and spiritual (religious) support in places with large Turkish and Tatar communities (8) (Cobadin village, Valul lui Traian village and cities like Medgidia, Tulcea, Braila, Constanta, Bucuresti).
Before 1989, at least 29 cities have been destroyed and rebuilt at 85-90%, such as Bucharest, Iasi, Suceava, Botosani, Vaslui, Piatra-Nemt, Bacau, Focsani, Galati, Ploiesti, Pitesti, Craiova, Slatina, Ramnicu-Valcea, Giurgiu, Slobozia, Medgidia, Constanta, Mangalia, Tulcea, etc.
which had been found at Mangalia (south-western Romania) in 1959 and sent to Moscow for restoration, it was reported that the debate over the Romanian objects entrusted during the First World War had reopened: <http://www.
YACHTING--"Portul din Mangalia (Marina) a devenit <<punctul zero>> al yachtingului romanesc si un nou pol de atractie pentru turisti si localnici.
In 2012, the main exporters from Romania to EU member countries were the Dacia Automobile car maker, owned by Groupe Renault, Honeywell Technologies, the oil company OMV Petrom, the Daewoo shipyard in Mangalia, the tyre producer Continental Romania, the ALRO Slatina aluminum works and Rompetrol Refinery, owned by the Kazak state-owned company KazMunaiGaz.
Rallies are called for 5 pm EET in Bucharest, Cluj, Sibiu, Mangalia, Iasi, Sigisoara and Brasov in Romania, and for 6 pm Sofia, Varna and Dobrich in Bulgaria.
At local level, Roman (Piatra Neamt County) and Mangalia (Constanta County) are the first cities completely covered by free wireless networks developed through public-private partnerships between the local authorities and two Internet providers, Wavion and Minisoft.
direct observation, through improvement sessions participation in the training centres in Constanta and Mangalia and the weekly work meetings that the regional manager has had with the division chiefs, at the Local CFR headquarters of Constanta, where the present ones got questionnaires with the purpose of obtaining preliminary information for the study;