Callatis

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Callatis

 

(also Kallatis), an ancient Greek city-state on the western shore of the Black Sea (present-day Mangalia, Rumania).

Founded at the end of the sixth century B.C., Callatis quickly became a large city-state (polis) with a highly developed economy. From the early 330’s B.C. to 281 B.C. it was subject to Macedonia. Between 313 and 305 B.C. the inhabitants of Callatis were in a state of rebellion, which was supressed by Lysimachus. More than 1,000 Callatian citizens fled to the Bosporan State. Under Mithridates VI, Callatis became part of Pontus. In 28 B.C. it became part of the Roman province of Moesia. In the first half of the seventh century a.d., Callatis was destroyed during the Avar and Slav invasions. Excavations (from 1901, O. Tafrali, T. Sauciuc-Saveanu, and R. Vulpe) have uncovered the remains of massive defensive walls, city blocks, temples, public and private buildings, and numerous works of art, inscriptions, and household objects. The necropolises have been investigated. In one of the burials dating from the fourth century B.C., the remains of a Greek manuscript on papyrus were found.

REFERENCES

Blavatskaia, T. V. Zapadnopontiiskie goroda v. VII-I vv. do n. e. Moscow, 1952.
Preda, K. Kallatis. Bucharest, 1963. T. V. Blavatskaia
References in periodicals archive ?
Constanta , Localitatea: Mangalia , Cod postal: 905500 , Romania , Punct(e) de contact: MARINICA DRAGU , Tel.
Before 1989, at least 29 cities have been destroyed and rebuilt at 85-90%, such as Bucharest, Iasi, Suceava, Botosani, Vaslui, Piatra-Nemt, Bacau, Focsani, Galati, Ploiesti, Pitesti, Craiova, Slatina, Ramnicu-Valcea, Giurgiu, Slobozia, Medgidia, Constanta, Mangalia, Tulcea, etc.
In 2012, the main exporters from Romania to EU member countries were the Dacia Automobile car maker, owned by Groupe Renault, Honeywell Technologies, the oil company OMV Petrom, the Daewoo shipyard in Mangalia, the tyre producer Continental Romania, the ALRO Slatina aluminum works and Rompetrol Refinery, owned by the Kazak state-owned company KazMunaiGaz.
Rallies are called for 5 pm EET in Bucharest, Cluj, Sibiu, Mangalia, Iasi, Sigisoara and Brasov in Romania, and for 6 pm Sofia, Varna and Dobrich in Bulgaria.
At local level, Roman (Piatra Neamt County) and Mangalia (Constanta County) are the first cities completely covered by free wireless networks developed through public-private partnerships between the local authorities and two Internet providers, Wavion and Minisoft.
Callatis High School, Rozelor 36, Mangalia, Romania
Exploratory Workshop on Combinatorial Commutative Algebra and Computer Algebra (2008: Mangalia, Romania) Ed.
For the first time after the World War II, in Romania, in 2001 two resort-towns in Romania, Mangalia and Predeal, proclaimed their independence to the state budget for investments in the sub-structure and launched a municipal bonds emission.
44) Als Kinmizade Ali Riza, der einer 1877 ins Osmanische Reich emigrierten dobrudschatatarischen Familie aus der Region Mangalia entstammte, 1909 in Istanbul wahrend des Gegenputsches von Abdulhamid II.
But the 20-month-old's health worsened after he contracted a form of meningitis and he has been flown back to Liverpool from his home in Mangalia on the Black Sea coast.