Mangas Coloradas


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Mangas Coloradas

(mäng`gäs kōlōrä`thäs) [Span.,=red sleeves], c.1797–1863, chief of the Mimbrenos group of Apache of SW New Mexico. Many of the Mimbrenos were massacred by trappers in 1837 as a result of the bounty for Apache scalps offered by the Mexican authorities. Mangas Coloradas, a natural leader because of his intelligence and size (unusually tall for an Apache, he was over 6 ft/180 cm), united the tribes, led them in a successful war of revenge, and cleared the area of settlers. When the Americans took possession of New Mexico in 1846, he pledged friendship to these conquerors of his Mexican enemies, but peace ended as the gold rush began. In 1851 a series of incidents culminated in hostilities when Mangas Coloradas suffered a humiliating flogging at the hands of some miners. Leading his warriors, he waged continuous warfare until he was finally captured and killed by Union soldiers in 1863. His name sometimes appears erroneously as Magnus Colorado.

Mangas Coloradas (b. Dasoda-hae)

(?1791–1863) Mimbreño Apache war chief; born in the southwest of present-day New Mexico. Repeated offenses against his family and his people caused a turnabout of this one-time friend to the whites. He and his son-in-law, Cochise, were largely successful in keeping whites out of their territory. In 1863, while carrying a flag of truce, he was arrested, tortured, and killed.
References in periodicals archive ?
Other notable Chiricahua had been chiefs; Cochise and his father-in-law Mangas Coloradas, a Spanish name in English meaning Red Sleeves.
The Apache Wars: The Hunt for Geronimo, the Apache Kid, and the Captive Boy Who Started the Longest War in American History" by Paul Andrew Hutton (Professor of History at the University of New Mexico) is the true story Mickey Free, as well as the story of his contemporaries: the great Apache leaders Mangas Coloradas, Cochise, and Victorio; the soldiers Kit Carson, O.
But as both Griswold and Sweeney point out, unity among the Bidanku, Cokanen, Chihenne, and Nednai was never so strong as it was under Mangas Coloradas.
Victorio became the Mimbres' most important chief and resistance leader following the death of Mangas Coloradas.
His namesake, Mangas Coloradas, was a leader in the early years of the 1860s Apache Wars in southwestern United States.