Monguor

(redirected from Mangghuer)

Monguor

 

(self-designations, Khor, Mengule, Menguer Kun, and others), a Mongolian-speaking people living in Tsinghai and Kansu provinces in China.

The Monguor number 53,000 (1953 census). Their language, which constitutes a separate branch of the Mongolian language, has two dialects. The Huchu dialect has been appreciably influenced by Tibetan, and the Minho dialect has been influenced by Chinese. The ethnogenesis of the Monguor shows traces of western Mongolian, Turkic, Tibetan, and Chinese elements. The chief occupation of the Monguor is farming, supplemented by livestock raising, hunting, and fishing. Their beliefs are a mixture of Lamaism, shamanism, and Taoism.

REFERENCE

Narody Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1965.
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Following an introductory overview of the topic, individual chapters focus on the Raika of India, the Peripatetics of South Asia, the Bhil of central western India, the Tharu of Nepal, the Dom of Northern Pakistan, the peoples and cultures of the Kashmir Himalayas, the Hazara of Central Afghanistan, the Wakhi and Kirghiz of the Pamirian Knot, the Badakshani of Tajikistan, the Lezghi of the Caucasus mountain range, the people of Tibet, and the Minhe Mangghuer of China.