Garcinia

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Related to Mangostana: Garcinia mangostana

Garcinia

 

a genus of evergreen trees and shrubs of the Guttiferae family, previously attributed to the family Hypericaceae.

The leaves of Garcinia are large, oblong or oval, and coriaceous. The flowers are small and either solitary or gathered into small inflorescences. The fruits are globose, the size of an apple or cherry, with a thick rind outside and juicy septate flesh within. There are about 220 species, primarily in tropical Asia and Africa. The fruits of several species of Garcinia, such as the mangosteen, are edible. A number of Asiatic species yield gamboge, a gum resin. Kokum butter, used in food and in the preparation of colors, is obtained from the seeds of G. indica. Several species of Garcinia yield valuable wood.

REFERENCE

Siniagin, I. I. Tropicheskoe zemledelie. Moscow, 1968.
References in periodicals archive ?
Assay-guided fractionation study of alpha-amylase inhibitors from Garcinia mangostana pericarp.
Amelioration of mangosteen micro propagation through leaf and seed segments (Garcinia mangostana L.
mangostana Linn, were compared to that of quercetin, with an [IC.
mangostana (fruit hulls) were obtained from Penang Island in May 2010, Malaysia.
In Indonesia, the indigenous communities have been using Garcinia mangostana plant for the treatment of various infectious diseases.
Meratrim, a blend of two plant extracts--Sphaeranthus indicus flower heads and Garcinia mangostana fruit rind--has been shown in studies to be effective at targeting hip and waist circumference management.
Merastin, a proprietary blend of two plant extracts--Sphaeranthus indicus flower heads and Garcinia mangostana fruit rind--from In-terHealth Nutraceuticals, significantly reduced body weight, waist and hip size in 2 weeks, according to research presented at Obesity 2011, Obesity Society's 29th annual scientific meeting in Orlando, FL, in October.
Antimycobacterial activity of prenylated xanthones from the fruits of Garcinia mangostana.
Over 40 types of xanthones are found in the fruit, seeds and peel of the Garcinia mangostana fruit.
Martin Bauer (MB) North America has added xanthosteen 3510 to its xanthosteen line of Garcinia mangostana, or mangosteen fruit ingredients.