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(also Mangup-Kale), ruins of a medieval city 20 km east of Sevastopol’. It is the site of a settlement that arose in the fourth century. The city was the center of southwestern Taurika in the sixth century. Its early medieval names were Doro or Doros. The designation “Mangup” was first mentioned in the tenth century. From the 12th to 15th centuries the city was known as Theodore and was the center of the principality of the same name. After the Crimea was conquered by the Turks in 1475, Mangup became the center of an administrative district. The population engaged mainly in leather dressing.
Mangup went into a decline in the second half of the 16th century and was permanently abandoned by its inhabitants at the end of the 18th century. There are remains of sixth- and 15th-century fortress walls, a sixth-century basilica (rebuilt in 1425), a 15th-century palace, and a 16th-century Turkish citadel. Archaeological research has been conducted since the 1890’s.
REFERENCESTikhanova, M. A. “Doros-Feodoro v istorii srednevekovogo Kryma.” In Materialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii SSSR, no. 34, Moscow, 1953.
Iakobson, A. L. Srednevekovyi Krym. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.