cassava

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Related to Manihot esculenta: Manihot utilissima

cassava

(kəsä`və) or

manioc

(măn`ēŏk), name for many species of the genus Manihot of the family Euphorbiaceae (spurgespurge
, common name for members of the Euphorbiaceae, a family of herbs, shrubs, and trees of greatly varied structure and almost cosmopolitan distribution, although most species are tropical. In the United States the family is most common in the Southeast.
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 family). The roots, which resemble sweet potatoes and are eaten in much the same way, yield cassava starch, a staple food in the tropics. The cassava is native to Amazonia and has long been cultivated there by the indigenous population. It is now a major food source in many parts of the moist lowland tropics, particularly in Africa. Most cassava flour is made from M. esculenta, sometimes called bitter cassava because of the presence in the raw roots of prussic acid in sufficient quantities to be deadly. This poison is dispelled by long cooking or (for flour) pressing. Some cultivated varieties with a lesser acid content, called sweet cassava, are edible raw as well as boiled and can be used for fodder. It is important to process cassava as quickly as possible after harvesting; enzymes in the root will cause deterioration of the final product if processing is not completed within 48 hours. Cassava roots are also fermented to make an alcoholic beverage, are the source of tapiocatapioca
, widely used starchy food, obtained from the fleshy root of the bitter cassava. Tapioca is sold in flake or flour form and as the pellet pearl tapioca. Tapioca flour is widely used in place of wheat flour in regions where it is grown, e.g.
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, or Brazilian arrowroot, and are utilized in other ways, e.g., for cotton sizing and laundry starch. Cassava is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Euphorbiales, family Euphorbiaceae.

cassava

[kə′sav·ə]
(botany)
Manihot esculenta. A shrubby perennial plant grown for its starchy, edible tuberous roots. Also known as manihot; manioc.

cassava

any tropical euphorbiaceous plant of the genus Manihot, esp the widely cultivated American species M. esculenta (or utilissima) (bitter cassava) and M. dulcis (sweet cassava)
References in periodicals archive ?
This study is aimed at determining the Antimicrobial, Biochemical and Phytochemical Screening of Manihot esculenta varieties CO3 and CO5 against some diseases caused by microorganisms.
Sago is a product, prepared from the milk of "Tapioca Root" and the botanical name is Manihot Esculenta Crantz Syn.
Different varieties of Manihot esculenta are boiled, or grated and dried into flour.
Control de Erinnyis ello (L) (Lep: Sphingidae) gusano cachon de la yuca Manihot esculenta (Crantz) con Baculovirus erinnyis NGV.
Tal fato poderia ocorrer no caso de serem cultivadas plantas de cobertura hospedeira da perola-da-terra como e o caso da mandioca Manihot esculenta Crantz ou da batata-doce Ipomoea batatas (L.
The tubers of Dioscorea pubera and Manihot esculenta were consumed by the Chakmas during times of food scarcity.
Chloroplast DNA analysis in Manihot esculenta (cassava: Fregene et al.
First report of infestation of cassava fruit, Manihot esculenta, by Neosilba perezi (Romero & Ruppell) (Lonchaeidae) in Brazil.