Manila hemp


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Manila hemp,

the most important of the cordage fibers. It is obtained chiefly from the Manila hemp plant (Musa textilis) of the family Musaceae (bananabanana,
name for several species of the genus Musa and for the fruits these produce. The banana plant—one of the largest herbaceous plants—is native to tropical Asia but now cultivated throughout the tropics.
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 family). It is grown mainly in its native Philippine Islands, where it has been cultivated since the 16th cent. and is known as abacá. The abacá is in no way related to the true hemp; it is of the same genus as the common banana, which it closely resembles except for the inedible fruit. At maturity the plants are cut down, and the long fibers are taken from overlapping leaves that converge at the base to form a false stem. The fibers are exceptionally strong and durable. The coarser ones are used for binder twine, matting, and rope, particularly marine cordage because of their resistance to the action of saltwater; the finer grades are woven into beautiful native fabrics and hemp hats. Manila paper is made chiefly from old Manila hemp ropes and is valuable as a strong wrapping paper. Manila hemp is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Zingiberales, family Musaceae.

Manila hemp

[mə′nil·ə ′hemp]
(botany)
References in periodicals archive ?
com, $32,000); hand-painted manila hemp wall covering, Chinois our Way, from Phillip Jeffries.
The wraps are made from natural fibres, particularly abaca or manila hemp, a tree-like plant indigenous to the Philippines of the same genus as the common banana.
Abaca, also known as Manila hemp is native to the Philippines where the plant is cultivated by some 90,000 farmers who are currently producing 80,000 tons of fiber each year.