manilkara zapota


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Related to manilkara zapota: sapodilla, Chikoo
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sapodilla

sapodilla

Although this tree only grows in warm, tropical areas, I included it because the latex from this tree is the original source of chewing gum and the Sapodilla fruit is super sweet tasting like malty caramel dipped in brown sugar. These trees are popular in warm areas from Mexico to India, tropical Asia, Philippines, Caribbean, and people are starting to grow them in southern Florida, California, Hawaii and greenhouses. It can grow to 100 feet tall (30m). Wind-resistant. Bark is rich in a white, gummy latex called "chicle", containing 15% rubber and 38% resin, which makes it a great base for chewing gum. Tree has glossy elliptical leaves, little white bell-like flowers, with a six-lobed corolla. Fruit is large elliptical berry resembling a smooth potato containing two to ten black seeds that have a hook on one end. Don’t swallow the seeds whole or they will hook into your throat. Fruit inner flesh is yellow to golden brown with grainy pear-like texture. Fruit has a high latex content and does not ripen until picked, whereupon the fruit softens to a firmness and appearance very similar to that of a fuzzy, brown-skinned kiwi. Unripe fruit are high in tannins which dry out the mouth (very astringent) and contain high levels of saponin. Tree bears fruit twice a year. Young leafy shoots can be eaten raw. Fruits, leaves, flowers and bark used for diarrhea, coughs, colds, pulmonary issues, Crushed seeds are a diuretic claimed to expel bladder and kidney stones. A fluid extract of the crushed seeds is sedative. Seed paste is applied on stings and bites from venomous animals. The latex is used in the tropics as a crude filling for tooth cavities.
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Banisia myrsusalis Walker (Lepidoptera: Thyrididae) ha sido considerado como la plaga mas danina del zapote Manilkara zapota (L.
These plants were Amomum subulatum, Bixa orellana, Cajanus cajan, Carissa carandas, Cinnamomum tamala, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Coccinia grandis, Dillenia indica, Ferula asafoetida, Manilkara zapota, Mentha arvensis, Moringa oleifera, Nymphaea nouchali, Phyllanthus emblica, Spilanthes acmella, Syzygium aromaticum, Terminalia belerica, and Terminalia chebula.
A partir de estos datos, se sugiere que las especies de Swietenia macrophylla, Cedrela odorata, Brosimum alicastrum, Cordia alliodora, Manilkara zapota, Terminalia obovata, Heliocarpus donnell-smithii, Croton guatemalensis, Bursera simaruba, Coccoloba cozumelensis y Cupania glabra deben ser consideradas para ser utilizadas en programas de restauracion, reforestacion y plantacion forestal.
In the three types of rainforest the vegetation is composed of arboreal species such as: Pouteria zapota, Manilkara zapota, Pterocarpus rohrii, Platimiscyum yucatanum, Sterculia mexicana, Brosimum alicastrum, Guarea bijuga and Spondias mombin; and species of palm such as: Astrocarium mexicanum, Chamaedorea tepejilote and Reinhardtia gracilis (SEDESPA 2004, De la Cruz-Felix 2008).
La vegetacion original es el bosque tropical perennifolio, dominado por Manilkara zapota, Dialium guianense, Terminalia amazonia, Brosimum alicastrum y Aspidosperma megalocarpon en el dosel, con un estrato mas bajo en el que destacan Sebastiania tuerkheimanii y Alchornea latifolia.
El bosque en la region alcanza una altura de 24 m y contiene alrededor de 100 especies de arboles, siendo las mas abundantes Manilkara zapota (L.
Los arboles con mayor importancia en la selva son Manilkara zapota, Lysiloma latisiliqua, Metopium brownei y la palma Thrinax radiata.
Este murcielago neotropical es principalmente frugivoro y se alimenta de Manilkara zapota (chicozapote) y varias de especies de Ficus, Cecropia, Piper y Solanum.
20,78 < 0,01 6 Lonchocarpus castilloi 11,44 < 0,027 6 Manilkara zapota 25,02 < 0,007 6 Ormosia macrocalyx 8,62 < 0,042 6 Rollinia mucosa 58,94 < 0,001 6 Tabla 3.