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Manisa(mänēsä`), city (1990 pop. 158,283), capital of Manisa prov., W Turkey. It is a rail junction and the market center of a rich agricultural region. Mineral deposits are nearby. The city has many fine buildings, among them the notable Muradye mosque, and was the residence of Ottoman sultans Murad II and Murad III. The ruins of ancient MagnesiaMagnesia
, two ancient cities of Lydia, W Asia Minor (now W Turkey). They were colonies of the Magnetes, a tribe of E Thessaly. One city (Magnesia ad Maeandrum), SE of Smyrna (Izmir), was later colonized by Ionians and given by Artaxerxes I to Themistocles, who died there.
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a city in southwestern Turkey, the administrative center of Manisa Vilayet. Population, 70,000 (1970). Manisa is a railroad and highway junction. Food (flour, vegetable oil, beverages), cotton-ginning, textile, and machinery construction enterprises are located there. Manisa is a trading center for cotton, fruit, and grain.