Manned Spacecraft

manned spacecraft

[′mand ′spās‚kraft]
(aerospace engineering)
A vehicle capable of sustaining a person above the terrestrial atmosphere.

Spacecraft, Manned


a spacecraft designed for flight with a crew on board. Manned spacecraft are distinguished by sealed cabins, with life-support systems for the astronauts. Spacecraft designed for geocentric orbit are called manned orbital spacecraft, and those designed to fly to other heavenly bodies are called manned interplanetary (expeditionary) spacecraft. Reusable space shuttles are being developed to transport passengers and cargo from earth to low geocentric orbit and back —for example, to a long-term orbital station. The transport of passengers and cargo from a low geocentric orbit to a higher orbit, even a stationary orbit, is envisioned, using unmanned rocket-powered space tugs. Plans for manned and unmanned space tugs for transfer from a geocentric orbit to a lunar or planetary orbit and back are being studied.

Manned spacecraft that have been developed and flown include the Soviet orbital spacecraft of the Vostok, Voskhod, and Soyuz series (the Soyuz may serve as a nonreusable transport craft) and the American orbital spacecraft of the Mercury and Gemini series and the expeditionary Apollo spacecraft for lunar flights. The Apollo spacecraft may serve as a nonreusable transport craft for flights to geocentric and lunar orbits. Such spacecraft consist of several compartments and are equipped with systems for life support, propulsion, navigation and guidance, power supply, communications, emergency rescue, and reentry.


Pilotiruemye kosmicheskie korabli: Proektirovanie i ispytaniia; Sb. st. Moscow, 1968. (Translated from English.)
Osvoenie kosmicheskogo prostranstva ν SSSR. Moscow, 1971.


References in periodicals archive ?
Soyuz TMA-19M is the first flown, manned spacecraft in the UK's national space technology collection.
After the first big strides were made into space, the next step in manned spacecraft for NASA was a space shuttle.
October 17, Shenzhou manned spacecraft on the 11th in the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center successfully launched.
TOKYO, Oct 17 (KUNA) -- China on Monday successfully launched a manned spacecraft carrying two astronauts who will remain in space for 33 days, the longest manned mission in the country's space program to date, state-run Xinhua News Agency reported.
TEHRAN (FNA)- Russia's State Corporation Roscosmos intends to spend over 58 billion rubles ($734 million) on a new manned spacecraft or 3.
Johnson Space Center in Houston, which is NASA's Manned Spacecraft Center, where human spaceflight training, research, and flight control are conducted.
Russian Deputy Prime Minister, Dmitry Rogozin, together with his Kazakh counterpart held a meeting of intergovernmental committee after the Russian manned spacecraft Soyuz TMA-15M was successfully launched Monday to the International Space Station /ISS/ from Baikonur launch site.
It became the first privately financed, manned spacecraft to dash into space and later won the $10 million Ansari X Prize for accomplishing the feat twice in two weeks.
This development comes none too soon, as America is not currently launching manned spacecraft and its former partner in this field, Russia, is proving to be an uncertain ally, at best.
Not only is NASA working on sending a manned spacecraft to the asteroid, but then, through the use of robotic technology, scientists are also looking at ways to knock the asteroid-or possibly a boulder from the asteroid-into an orbit around the moon to collect samples from it.
China's space program has made steady progress since the country launched its first manned spacecraft in 2003.
Summary: Beijing: China's latest manned spacecraft blasted off with three astronauts onboard on Tuesday on a .