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(Voguls), a people, the indigenous population of the Khanty-Mansi National Okrug in Tiumen’ Oblast, RSFSR.

The Mansi are settled in the Ob’ River basin, mainly along its left tributaries—the Konda and Severnaia Sos’va rivers—and in the vicinity of the city of Berezovo; some live among the Russian population in Sverdlovsk Oblast, RSFSR. The Mansi population totals 7,700 people (1970 census). The Mansi speak the Vogul language, but many also speak Russian. Since the early 17th century the Mansi have regarded themselves as members of the Orthodox Church, although they have held on to various pre-Christian beliefs, including ancestor worship and shamanism. The Mansi probably formed an independent ethnic group in the first millennium A.D. during the merging of the Ugrians, who had pushed up from the south, with the ancient hunting and fishing tribes of the taiga region of the Trans-Urals. The Mansi are related to the Khanty. With them they are known from 11th-century literary sources under the name “Ugrians” and from the 14th century under the names “Vogulichi” and “Voguls.” Their chief occupations are fishing, hunting, reindeer breeding, farming, livestock raising, and fur farming; some Mansi are industrial workers.


Narody Sibiri. Moscow-Leningrad, 1956.
References in periodicals archive ?
In all the Mansi languages passive covers a very active-like function: passive is not only for expressing impersonal action, but it is the inverse main category for the active voice (see Kulonen 2007 : 165).
It is typical for all the Mansi languages that the most topical arguments are expressed explicitly only by a cross-reference to the verb (zero-anaphora).
The collection includes text patterns from all the dialectical groups of Mansi.
This transcription was first presented in her Eastern Mansi grammar (see Kulonen 2007: 9-24).
Nikolaeva (2001) introduces secondary topics in Khanty, the closest relative language of Mansi.
Previous studies on three-participant constructions in Eastern Mansi
1) in Northern Mansi has a pragmatic motivation and is a part of information structure marking (Skribnik 2001 : 222).
Skribnik concludes the results of her study as follows: "The subject and the direct object in Northern Mansi are grammaticalized pragmatic roles: the subject is the primary clausal topic--Topic-1 [ ] and the direct object is the secondary clausal topic--Topic-2, irrespective of their semantic roles.
Also in her Eastern Mansi grammar Kulonen emphasizes that in Eastern Mansi the passive is in more common use than in many other languages: passive is the inverse main category for the active voice, and also the Recipient or Beneficiary of a three-participant clause can be promoted to the subject of a passive clause (Kulonen 2007: 165).
Applied to Eastern Mansi it means an accusative-inflected Recipient and an instrumental- inflected Patient: