Mantinea


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Mantinea

(măn'tĭnē`ə), city of ancient Greece, in E central Arcadia (now Arkadhía). In the Peloponnesian War a coalition led by Mantinea and Argos and urged on by Athens was defeated (418 B.C.) by Sparta at Mantinea. It was also the scene of the victory of Thebes over Sparta in which EpaminondasEpaminondas
, d. 362 B.C., Greek general of Thebes. He was a pupil of Lysias the Pythagorean, but his early life is otherwise obscure. As the Theban delegate to the peace conference of 371 B.C. he refused to surrender his claim to represent all Boeotia.
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 was killed (362 B.C.).

Mantinea

 

an ancient Greek city in the province of Arcadia, in which region on June 27 (or July 3), 362 B.C., a battle took place between the troops of the Boeotian League, headed by Thebes under the command of Epaminondas, and troops of the anti-Boeotian coalition (Sparta, Athens, Mantinea, and other cities), under the command of the Spartan king Agesilaus II.

Epaminondas, developing a new tactic which he had employed at Leuctra, disposed his troops in an oblique battle order with a strong attack group on the left flank opposite the forces of the enemy, which were evenly dispersed along the entire front. The attack group and the cavalry of the Theban forces smashed the right wing of the allies and crowded in their center. The Thebans were close to victory, but at the battle’s decisive moment Epaminondas was mortally wounded, and his troops re-treated in confusion. The battle at Mantinea was the conclusion of the Boeotian League’s ascendancy in Greece (it had begun only in 379 B.C.).

Mantinea

, Mantineia
(in ancient Greece) a city in E Arcadia; site of several battles
References in periodicals archive ?
55) Plutarch also mentions the counting of the Spartan dead and the painting of the Battle of Mantinea at Athens in the Moralia.
The name Diotima means 'honored by Zeus', and the mention of the city of Mantinea in the grammatical form it appears in here, is identical with the word for science of divining.
Es aqui donde, y quizas por un artificio de compensacion que se asemeja a una especie de protesta implicita contra el papel completamente relegado al que han dado a la mujer a lo largo de los discursos, pone Platon sus opiniones, no en la boca de Socrates, sino en las de precisamente una mujer, la extranjera de Mantinea, que las expresa.
e), cuando la sacerdotisa Diotima de Mantinea revela a Socrates que Eros no es un dios, sino un demon, nacido de Penia, personificacion de la pobreza, y de Poros, dios del artificio y de la abundancia, que siempre consigue lo que busca: por eso Eros es un ser intermedio entre un dios y un mortal ([TEXTO IRREPREDUCIBLE EN ASCII]), con el poder de interpretar y llevar ([TEXTO IRREPREDUCIBLE EN ASCII]) a los dioses las oraciones y los sacrificios de los mortales, devolviendo despues las recompensas a los hombres de parte de los dioses (51).
One of these speeches, the most memorable and crucial to Plato's work, was given by Socrates, who referred to a supremely enlightened conversation with Diotima, a priestess from Mantinea, about twenty-five years prior to the date of the banquet.
Sparta succeeded because its society was militant and permanently on a war footing; it declined and failed because, as Cawkwell argues, while the art of war developed rapidly in the Greek world after Mantinea, "Spartan methods remained essentially the same" (257).
Recordemos que en el Banquete, al hacer consideraciones sobre el Amor y la Belleza, el propio Socrates declara que su instructora en tan delicada materia era Diotima, mujer de Mantinea.
Additionally, Jabra's wide-ranging erudition in both Eastern and Western cultures is reflected in this novel, which incorporates Greek and Near Eastern (Gilgamesh) mythologies, references to Arab literature and history and to Ottoman history and British rule, as well as to Western painters, musicians, litterateurs, and thinkers such as Andrea Mantinea, Purcell and Mozart, Shakespeare and Keats, La Fontaine, T.
Other examples of women who might have attended philosophers' dinner parties include two students of Plato: Lastheneia of Mantinea and Axiothea of Phlius (Diog.
Polybius goes on to criticize Ephorus' depiction of the battles of Leuctra in 371 and of Mantinea in 362; he makes no mention of Ephorus' Persian War narrative.
Rival factions in Arcadia summoned Thebes and Sparta to their aid and Epaminondas once more found himself face to face with his old foes at Mantinea in 362.