Mantinea

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Mantinea

(măn'tĭnē`ə), city of ancient Greece, in E central Arcadia (now Arkadhía). In the Peloponnesian War a coalition led by Mantinea and Argos and urged on by Athens was defeated (418 B.C.) by Sparta at Mantinea. It was also the scene of the victory of Thebes over Sparta in which EpaminondasEpaminondas
, d. 362 B.C., Greek general of Thebes. He was a pupil of Lysias the Pythagorean, but his early life is otherwise obscure. As the Theban delegate to the peace conference of 371 B.C. he refused to surrender his claim to represent all Boeotia.
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 was killed (362 B.C.).

Mantinea

 

an ancient Greek city in the province of Arcadia, in which region on June 27 (or July 3), 362 B.C., a battle took place between the troops of the Boeotian League, headed by Thebes under the command of Epaminondas, and troops of the anti-Boeotian coalition (Sparta, Athens, Mantinea, and other cities), under the command of the Spartan king Agesilaus II.

Epaminondas, developing a new tactic which he had employed at Leuctra, disposed his troops in an oblique battle order with a strong attack group on the left flank opposite the forces of the enemy, which were evenly dispersed along the entire front. The attack group and the cavalry of the Theban forces smashed the right wing of the allies and crowded in their center. The Thebans were close to victory, but at the battle’s decisive moment Epaminondas was mortally wounded, and his troops re-treated in confusion. The battle at Mantinea was the conclusion of the Boeotian League’s ascendancy in Greece (it had begun only in 379 B.C.).

Mantinea

, Mantineia
(in ancient Greece) a city in E Arcadia; site of several battles