mantis shrimp

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mantis shrimp,

marine crustaceancrustacean
, primarily aquatic arthropod of the subphylum Crustacea. Most of the 44,000 crustacean species are marine, but there are many freshwater forms. The few groups that inhabit terrestrial areas have not been particularly successful in an evolutionary sense; most require
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 of the order Stomatopoda, characterized by a pair of enlarged appendages, called maxillipeds, that form powerful claws for seizing prey. The last two segments of each of these legs are strong and sharp, and the end segment is folded back over the next segment to make a scissorslike cut. Mantis shrimps have stalked eyes and flattened abdomens with appendages bearing gills. They are usually found in warm shallow tropical or subtropical seas. A number of species are quite large, reaching 1 ft (30 cm) or more in size. Mantis shrimps are an important seafood outside the Western Hemisphere. They are classified separately from either true shrimpsshrimp,
small marine decapod crustacean with 10 jointed legs on the thorax, well-developed swimmerets on the abdominal segments, and a body that is compressed laterally.
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 or praying mantises (see mantidmantid
or mantis,
name applied to the large, slender, slow-moving, winged insects of the family Mantidae in the order Mantodea. Predatory insects, mantids have strong, elongate, spiny front legs, used for grasping prey.
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), whose forelimbs the maxillipeds superficially resemble. Mantis shrimps are grouped in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, subphylum Crustacea, class Malacostraca, order Stomatopoda.
References in periodicals archive ?
For one, the mantis shrimp is neither a mantis nor a shrimp, though it is distantly related to the latter.
Peacock mantis shrimps can deliver one of the fastest blows in the animal kingdom.
Larger peacock mantis shrimps have even been known to smash their way out of fish tanks.
Mantis shrimps are no exception here, and ommatidia throughout the eye (except in parts of the midband, as described later) are all polarization-sensitive.
Many animals, including mantis shrimps, use colored markings to produce highly recognizable and unambiguous signals.
The mantis shrimp is the harbinger of blood-soaked rainbows.
Check out The Oatmeal's viral comic on the mantis shrimp (http://theoatmeal.
The mantis shrimps in the study are found on the Great Barrier Reef in Australia and have the most complex vision systems known to science.
This capability makes it possible for mantis shrimps to convert linearly polarized light to circularly polarized light and vice versa.
2001); Thomas Cronin and Justin Marshall give us insight into the marvelously complex mantis shrimp visual system, a unique and highly specialized tool for predation (Cronin and Marshall, 2001); Mandyam Srinivasan and co-workers introduce us to the secrets of insect vision (Srinivasan et al.
Employees at Tynemouth's Blue Reef Aquarium are taking no chances with their new addition - a trigger-happy peacock mantis shrimp, pictured.
In contrast, the mantis shrimp sees each color separately with one of a dozen kinds of specialized cells, scientists suggest in the Jan.