Mantoux Test


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Mantoux test

[man′tü ‚test]
(immunology)
An intradermal test for tuberculin sensitivity, that is, for past or present infection with tubercle bacilli.

Mantoux Test

 

tuberculin test: an allergic diagnostic test.

The Mantoux test, which is more sensitive than Pirquet’s reaction, was developed by the French scientist C. Mantoux in 1908. It is performed intracutaneously on the shoulder or forearm. A positive reaction indicates an allergic state as a result of contact with the causative agent of tuberculosis.

References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, a fair strength of agreement was found between detection of tuberculous endometritis by PCR, Mantoux test and ELISA.
After providing informed consent, all patients underwent a Mantoux test.
A small number of patients successfully treated for TB reverted to a negative Patch test within six months after the completion of treatment, although their Mantoux tests remained positive.
The Mantoux test is the most traditional of the diagnostic techniques used in clinical practice.
The diagnosis of PTB/HIV co-infection was based on criteria for diagnosing TB in poor resource settings where there are no facilities and manpower for mycobacterium tuberculosis culture: (a) the diagnostic criteria of TB given in the World Health Organisation (WHO) treatment of tuberculosis guideline for national programmes [5]; (b) specificity of clinical criteria in diagnosing TB patient [6, 10]; (c) Although Mantoux is usually negative in HIV infection because of loss of cell mediated immunity due to depletion of CD4 count, HIV patients who were smear negative for AAFB, but had positive Mantoux test with an area of induration [greater than or equal to]10mm diameter were considered diagnostic for tuberculosis.
We think it notable that the Mantoux test yielded results at a certain frequency in all age groups here in Turkey, where tuberculosis is frequent.
The tuberculin skin test, also known as the Mantoux test, can identify most people infected with tubercle bacilli six to eight weeks after initial exposure.