Mantua

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Mantua

(măn`cho͞oə, –to͞oə), Ital. Mantova, city (1991 pop. 53,065), capital of Mantova prov., Lombardy, N Italy, bordered on three sides by lakes formed by the Mincio River. It is an agricultural, industrial, and tourist center. Manufactures include machinery, metals, furniture, and refined petroleum. Originally an Etruscan settlement, Mantua was later a Roman town and afterward a free commune (12th–13th cent.). It flourished under the GonzagaGonzaga
, Italian princely house that ruled Mantua (1328–1708), Montferrat (1536–1708), and Guastalla (1539–1746). The family name is derived from the castle of Gonzaga, a village near Mantua.
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 family (1328–1708), who were magnificent patrons of the arts. Mantua passed to Austria in 1708, was taken by Napoleon I in 1797, was retaken by Austria in 1815, and was returned to Italy in 1866. The Gonzaga palace (13th–18th cent.), among the largest and finest in Europe, has frescoes by Mantegna and Giulio Romano and numerous other works of art. Other landmarks include the Palazzo del Te (1525–35); the Church of Sant' Andrea (15th–18th cent.), designed by Alberti, where Mantegna is buried; and the law courts (13th cent.).

Mantua

 

(also Mantova), a city in Northern Italy, in Lombardy. It is located on an island in a lake-like widening of the Mincio River, near its confluence with the Po. It is the capital of the province of Mantua. Population, 65,900 (1971); river port and railroad junction. Industrial activities include oil refining and the production of petrochemicals. Other important products are agricultural machinery, ceramics, paper, furniture, silk, and sugar.

Mantua, which was founded by the Etruscans, is the site of the Accademia Virgiliana (Vergilian Academy of Arts and Sciences). Nearby is the little town of Pietole (known in ancient times as Andes), which is considered to be the birthplace of Vergil. During the 15th and 16th centuries, Mantua was one of the centers of the Italian Renaissance. Between 1628 and 1631 a war was fought for the territory of Mantua and Montferrat.

Mantua has many noteworthy medieval architectural monuments. On the Piazza delle Erbe are located the Rotunda di San Lorenzo (11th century), the Palazzo della Ragione (1250), and the Palazzo Broletto (1227-73). The Piazza Sordello is the site of the Palazzo Bonacolsi (13th century) and the cathedral (rebuilt in 1545 by Giulio Romano). Also in Mantua are the Palazzo Ducale complex, which is now a museum (1290-1708; including the apartments of Isabella d’Este, 16th century), and the Castle of St. George (1395-1406, architect Bartolino Ploti da Novara; including the Camera degli Sposi with frescoes by Mantegna, 1474). Renaissance churches in the city include San Sebastiano (1460) and Sant’ Andrea (1472-94), which were both designed by L. B. Alberti and executed by the architect L. Fancelli. There are several buildings by Giulio Romano in Mantua, including the Palazzo di Giustizia (1530) and the Palazzo del Te (1525-34). Another noteworthy building in the city is the Palazzo del Accademia Virgiliana (facade by architect G. Piermarini, 1773).

REFERENCE

Mantova: La storia, le lettere, le arti, vols. 1-9. Mantua, 1958-65.

Mantua

a city in N Italy, in E Lombardy, surrounded by lakes: birthplace of Virgil. Pop.: 47 790 (2001)
References in periodicals archive ?
9) Nor was De' Sommi the only Jew appreciated by the Gonzagas for his artistic abilities; other Jewish artists at the Mantuan court in this period included Simon Basilea (actor), Abraham and Abramino dell'Arpa (musicians), Isacco Massarani (singer, musician), (10) Guglielmo da Pesaro (dancer), and Salomone de' Rossi (composer) (Simonsohn 669-77).
An open-minded but conservative intellectual among his peers and friends with the spirituali who looked aside as Bernardino Ochino fled Italy, he nevertheless reformed the Mantuan diocese with an eye to maintaining decorum and social order and brooked no tolerance of Lutheran discussions among his flock.
This is dedicated to the early Mantuan vernacular used in the translation of a thirteenth-century Latin encyclopaedic work, De proprietate rerum by the English scholar Bartolomeus Anglicus.
Of course diplomatic rhetoric must be viewed with scepticism; the Mantuan ambassador haggled subtly by suggesting that a suitably large dowry was entirely in the interest of the bride since it represented her own financial security.
After relative stagnation during the Christian Middle Ages, the tradition was revitalized by neoclassical artisans including Petrarch (Bucolicum carmen, 1348) and Mantuan (Bucolica, 1508), and culminated, in English, in the work of familiar writers like Edmund Spenser (The Shepheardes Calendar, 1579), Philip Sidney (Arcadia, c.
Its manners and modes of behaviour are still with us and could, with a leap of imagination, be said to parallel the pioneering artistic spirit of the Mantuan court which gave rise, in 1607, to composer Claudio Monteverdi and librettist Alessandro Striggio's Orfeo.
Venus asks Pluto to lead the ingrate into the lives of those Mantuan women, watching to show them what can happen if they deny men their passions.
The city fathers in the Mantuan senate protested the sale and wanted to buy them back, but, according to Brotton, all Duke Vincenzo seemed to care about was using part of the dough to buy himself a female dwarf.
7) See Lisa Sampson, 'The Mantuan Performance of Guarini's Pastor fido and Representation of Courtly Identity', Modern Language Review, 98 (2003), 65-83, on the early reception and performance of the play.
That is the case of the concept of honor in the lineage of the mantuan whites in Caracas during the last fifty years of the 18th century.
For instance, a Mantuan Jew, Leone de Sommi (identified in documents as "Leone hebreo"), in 1567 petitioned Duke Guglielmo Gonzaga for permission to set up a "stanza" for the presentation of comedies "by those who go about performing for a price.
They suit every occasion from formal to casual and include many of her favourites such as a risotto with lemon, gazpacho, mantuan chicken, or a grillade of lamb breast.