Manuel Azaña

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Azaña, Manuel

 

Born Jan. 10, 1880, in Alcalá de Henares; died Nov. 4, 1940, in Montauban, France. Spanish political leader and man of letters.

Azaña participated in the Pact of San Sebastián (1930) and in that same year founded the Republican Action Party (1930–34). After the republic was established, he became war minister in 1931, and from 1931 to 1933 he was head of the government. In April 1934 he became the leader of the Left Republican Party, which joined the Frente Popular in 1936 Following the latter’s victory in the elections of Feb. 16, 1936, Azaña became head of the government, and subsequently, from May 1936 to Mar. 1, 1939, was president of the republic. During the period of the National Revolutionary War (1936–39), Azaña was the actual leader of the right wing of the Frente Popular. After the victory of Franco’s forces, he emigrated to France.

References in periodicals archive ?
Manuel Azana, president of the second Republic, favoured a state system, lest the continued existence of private schools, especially those operated by the Church, contribute to the subversion of the modern State by undermining its democratic and secular values.
It is misleading to place Falla's appeal to President Manuel Azana in the context of events after the outbreak of the war (p.
And people like Abel himself, or some other members of the set of characters in the novel: Jose Moreno Villa, or Manuel Azana, or the indefatigable Juan Negrin.
EBRO OFFENSIVE GENERAL FRANSISCO FRANCO MAKENZIE-PAPINEAU BATTALION HILL 609 HILL 66 INTERNATIONAL BRIGADE REPUBLICANOS 15TH BRIGADE NATIONALES SECOND SPANISH REPUBLIC DOCTOR NORMAN BETHUNE MANUEL AZANA ERNEST HEMINGWAY COMMUNISTS POPULAR FRONT
Certainly, Belloc did so at times, as did his literary descendant Roy Campbell, who numbered among his plentiful aversions Elizabeth I's regime ("Cecil's Ogpu") and Spain's bespectacled prime minister Manuel Azana ("Four-eyed Janus .