Manuel Godoy


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Godoy (Alvarez de Faria), Manuel

 

Born May 12, 1767, in Castuera; died Oct. 4, 1851, in Paris. Spanish statesman.

Godoy was the favorite of Queen Maria Louisa and King Charles IV and was the actual ruler of Spain from 1792 to 1808 (except for the period from 1798 to 1801). He was a member of an impoverished noble family. Godoy was prime minister of the kingdom from 1792 to 1798 and promoted Spain’s involvement in the war with the French republic (1793–95). The defeat of the Spanish troops forced Godoy to conclude a peace treaty at Basel in 1795 and a military alliance with France in 1796. As a result of this alliance, Spain, placed in a position of dependence on France, was drawn into a ruinous war with England. In 1798 circles of the court camarilla hostile to Godoy made use of the national hatred toward him and obtained his dismissal. In 1801, Godoy was appointed generalissimo of the Spanish troops and soon he was again head of the government. In 1801 and 1803, Godoy concluded new treaties with France that led to another war with England and the occupation of Spain by French troops. As a result of the popular uprising of Mar. 17–18, 1808, Godoy was arrested and his property confiscated. (The total value of Godoy’s property exceeded the state budget of Spain.) After French troops entered Madrid on Mar. 23, 1808, Godoy was exiled to France by order of Napoleon.

L. V. PONOMAREVA

References in periodicals archive ?
La sua rovina fu decisa da Carlo IV di Borbone, l'inetto figlio di Carlo III, dominato dalla moglie Maria Luisa di Borbone Parma e dal suo favorito, il giovane primo ministro Manuel Godoy.
En efecto, la firma de la Paz de Basilea que otorga a Manuel Godoy el titulo de Principe de la Paz y una mayor acumulacion de poder convirtiendose en "generalisimo de un ejercito" con un "pueblo hambriento, gritando pan y paz" (323) permite retrotraernos a esos ultimos anos de la Guerra Civil y los primeros de la posguerra cuando se produce una paulatina acumulacion de poder por parte de un militar, el General Franco.
Para recuperar su buena relacion con el, tanto De Villeneuve, como Manuel Godoy, primer ministro espanol durante el reinado de Carlos IV, se empenaron en combatir a Nelson frente a Cabo Trafalgar.
Entre las victimas que se ahogaron se encontraban el marques de Branciforte, virrey entrante de la Nueva Espana, y su esposa, Maria Josefa Godoy, hermana del primer ministro de Carlos IV, Manuel Godoy.
Sin embargo, Goya pinto contados retratos de aparato, tan corrientes en la epoca anterior, repletos de elementos simbolicos evidentes: esos contados retratos son su temprano Conde de Floridablanca (1783; GW 203), su Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos (1798; GW 675) y su mas tardio Manuel Godoy, Protector del Real Instituto Pestalozziano (1807; GW 856).
It's a relief this has finally come down the pike,'' said Manuel Godoy, a historic commissioner who owns a 1905 national folk home.
Por su parte, los desastres militares de Carlos IV -que ocasionaron la interrupcion del comercio con las colonias, arruinaron los puertos, e impactaron negativamente la agricultura, la industria y el comercio- contribuyeron a desacreditar politica y moralmente a la monarquia y senaladamente, a Manuel Godoy.
Esta situacion no se habia dado desde principios del siglo XIX en Espana, donde Carlos IV, Felipe VII y Manuel Godoy, el valido, competian impudicamente por los guinos del emperador Napoleon.
Y pongase ahora atencion a la cara del infante Francisco de Paula, el pequeno de la mano de su madre, la reina; el es el menor de los hijos de Carlos, pero los rumores no cesan de otorgar su paternidad a Manuel Godoy, el joven amante de Maria Luisa.
Beginning with Torres Villarroel's Vida, he studies the rhetorical strategies of memoirs written under the sign of Spain's transition to modernity, whether composed by political figures such as Manuel Godoy and General Espoz y Mina or by men of letters like Joseph Blanco White, Ramon Mesonero Romanos, Jose Zorrilla and Armando Palacio Valdes.
Manuel Godoy, the 'Maecaenas' of the Spanish court, Carlos IV and Maria Luisa, Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos and Fernand Guillemardet, all of whom generally feature in Goya historiography as shadowy caricatures, now emerge in the round, distinctly human in their fallibility.
Nos vamos a centrar aqui en los inicios de este sexenio para estudiar como percibieron el Motin de Aranjuez los espanoles contemporaneos a aquella revuelta que--entre el 17 y el 19 de marzo de 1808--provoco la caida de Manuel Godoy y la abdicacion de su protector Carlos IV.