Manuel II

Manuel II

(Manuel Palaeologus), 1350–1425, Byzantine emperor (1391–1425), son and successor of John VJohn V
(John Palaeologus) , 1332–91, Byzantine emperor (1341–91), son and successor of Andronicus III. Forced to fight John VI (John Cantacuzene), who usurped the throne during his minority, he came into power in 1354.
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. In his youth he was taken captive by the Turks, and during his reign the Ottomans reduced the empire to Constantinople and its dependencies in the Peloponnesus. After the failure of the crusade of Sigismund of Hungary (later Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund) at NikopolNikopol
, town (1993 pop. 4,897), N Bulgaria, a port on the Danube River bordering Romania. Farming, viticulture, and fishing are the chief occupations. Founded in 629 by Byzantine emperor Heraclius, Nikopol (then Nicopolis) became a flourishing trade and cultural center of the
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 (1396), Manuel appealed to the West for aid and made a futile European journey (1399–1402) for that purpose. His nephew, John VIIJohn VII
(John Palaeologus) , c.1370–1408, Byzantine emperor, grandson of John V. Backed by the sultan Beyazid I, he usurped (1390) the throne from John V but was dethroned by his uncle, Manuel II, six months later.
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, was coemperor during that time and, with BoucicautBoucicaut
, c.1366–1421, marshal of France and crusader against the Ottoman Turks, whose real name was Jean III le Meingre. Captured by Ottoman Sultan Beyazid I at Nikopol (1396), he was ransomed.
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, defended Constantinople against the siege by Sultan Beyazid I. The victory of Timur over Beyazid at Ankara, in the same year, temporarily saved Constantinople. By 1422 the Turks were again strong enough to attack Constantinople, and in 1425 Manuel was forced to pay tribute to the sultan. Afflicted with partial paralysis in his last years, Manuel devoted himself to religious writing, entrusting the government to his son and successor, John VIII.

Manuel II,

1889–1932, king of Portugal (1908–10), second son of Charles ICharles I,
1863–1908, king of Portugal (1889–1908), son and successor of Louis I. A cultured man, learned in language and oceanography, Charles had little opportunity to display his administrative talents in a reign beset by political stagnation and financial
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. He succeeded to the throne after the assassination of his father and elder brother, but in Oct., 1910, a revolution dethroned Manuel and established a republic. The royal family escaped, and Manuel spent most of his remaining years in England enjoying his large fortune.

Manuel II

 

Born Nov. 15, 1889, in Lisbon; died July 2, 1932, in Twickenham. Portuguese king from 1908 to 1910. Manuel acceded to the throne after anarchists assassinated his father, Carlos, and his elder brother, Luis Filipe. In attempting to strengthen the monarchy’s position he promised to carry out a number of reforms, and he granted amnesty to the participants in the navy uprising of 1906. At the same time, however, Manuel intensified the police terror. On Oct. 4, 1910, with a bourgeois-backed revolution under way, he left for Great Britain.

References in periodicals archive ?
1910: Portuguese revolutionaries overthrew the constitutional monarchy and established a republican government: King Manuel II was exiled.
Robert Michael Manuel II, pastor of Arise Church of Clinton, officiated.
In December 1916, the exiled King Manuel II of Portugal paid a visit to the hospital in his role as representative of the Red Cross Society for orthopaedic surgery (he himself was responsible for the creation of the orthopedic department at Shepherd's Bush Hospital in London).
In 1910, Portugal was proclaimed a republic after the abdication of King Manuel II in the face of a coup d'etat.
At the lecture, he quoted Byzantine Emperor Manuel II Palaiologos , saying: "Show me just what Muhammad brought that was new and there you will find things only evil and inhuman, such as his command to spread by the sword the faith he preached.
He referred to a recent "provocative statement" against the pope over comments he made in a speech in 2006 where Benedict quoted 14th century Byzantine Emperor Manuel II Palaeologus as saying everything the Prophet Mohammad brought was evil, "such as his command to spread by the sword the faith he preached.
OCTOBER: Portugal becomes a republic, King Manuel II flees to England and Dr.
First of all, he had antagonised Muslims back in 2006 when, during a controversial lecture on faith and reason at the University of Regensberg in his native Germany, where he taught theology in the 1970s, Benedict quoted a medieval text attributed to the 14th century Byzantine emperor Manuel II Paleologus which allegedly expressed the ruler's contempt for Islam.
King Manuel II of Portugal and King Leopold of the Belgians
Papal references to "jihad" and "Islamic violence" came as a shock to Muslims, even though they were drawn from a quotation attributed to Byzantine emperor Manuel II Palaiologos.
3-228) which begins with Our Lord's crucifixion and ends with the controversy over the Pope's quotation from Manuel II Palaeologus which offended the Mohammedan rent-a-mob.
Fides et ratio never really left the world stage, but they are once again thrust front and center by Pope Benedict's September 12 address at the University of Regensburg, in which he (now famously) quoted Emperor Manuel II Paleologus's comment on the truth of Christianity and Islam.