Manuel Godoy

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Godoy (Alvarez de Faria), Manuel

 

Born May 12, 1767, in Castuera; died Oct. 4, 1851, in Paris. Spanish statesman.

Godoy was the favorite of Queen Maria Louisa and King Charles IV and was the actual ruler of Spain from 1792 to 1808 (except for the period from 1798 to 1801). He was a member of an impoverished noble family. Godoy was prime minister of the kingdom from 1792 to 1798 and promoted Spain’s involvement in the war with the French republic (1793–95). The defeat of the Spanish troops forced Godoy to conclude a peace treaty at Basel in 1795 and a military alliance with France in 1796. As a result of this alliance, Spain, placed in a position of dependence on France, was drawn into a ruinous war with England. In 1798 circles of the court camarilla hostile to Godoy made use of the national hatred toward him and obtained his dismissal. In 1801, Godoy was appointed generalissimo of the Spanish troops and soon he was again head of the government. In 1801 and 1803, Godoy concluded new treaties with France that led to another war with England and the occupation of Spain by French troops. As a result of the popular uprising of Mar. 17–18, 1808, Godoy was arrested and his property confiscated. (The total value of Godoy’s property exceeded the state budget of Spain.) After French troops entered Madrid on Mar. 23, 1808, Godoy was exiled to France by order of Napoleon.

L. V. PONOMAREVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Tampoco se deja sorprender con facilidad ante las leyendas negras: examina sin el minimo sobresalto al valido Manuel de Godoy y a Fernando VII.
En que medida el valido Manuel de Godoy, el Principe de la Paz, al cual le toca jugar generalmente un papel de villano en 1808, inventa "un estilo personal de gobernar" --para usar la conocida expresion de Danid Cosio Villegas --que se volvera la esencia del caudillismo en todo el mundo hispanico durante los siglos XIX, XX y quiza el XXI?
No estoy de acuerdo con su vision de Manuel de Godoy, y ya hablaremos de su gran enemigo, Fernando VII.
The novel's principal narrator, Manuel de Godoy, ends the narrative with these words: "He olvidado mis latines.
For the same reasons that the Duquesa de Alba and Goya give Barbera's novelistic review of the Enlightenment its postmodern edge, these same two figures, along with Manuel de Godoy, give Antonio Larreta access to a narrative which in itself acts out, or becomes the mise-en-scene of the postmodern, in the sense of an "artistic, literary and theoretical activity that seeks to engage culture critically while questioning the purpose and validity of dais very activity" (Racevskis 7).
Cuenta otra anecdota sobre las majas de Goya, las que mando a hacer el ministro Manuel de Godoy, que este las habia colocado en algun lugar de su casa una encima de la otra y con bisagra.
O Alentejo e o Algarve, este considerado apenas na parte d'aquem mar, se tornariam um principado, o dos Algarves, sob responsabilidade de Manuel de Godoy, Principe da Paz, e Primeiro-Ministro da Espanha de facto.
Mas independiente pero no menos pasional que los tradicionales personajes femeninos del director, en el romance que sostiene con Manuel de Godoy, Cayetana se resiste a ser tratada como objeto (manipulable) -Bigas la inviste de un matiz de rebeldia-, sin por ello dejar de representarse como una mujer enamorada.
Asi que, segun los relatos novelesco y cinematografico, en el verano de 1802 no habria sido Manuel de Godoy, sino la infortunada duquesa quien termino bebiendo el funesto liquido: una victima compensatoria, como Bilbao, que paga por las faltas de otros -y no es desatinado proponer, en este sentido, cierto paralelismo con la virgen (es decir, un tipo de martir) por la que ella misma no oculta su devocion y cuya efigie aparece en la primera secuencia-.
Pero con el advenimiento de Manuel de Godoy todas las esperanzas futuras de reconocimiento oficial fueron truncadas abruptamente, sobre todo porque Godoy habia nombrado a Branciforte como su sucesor mucho antes del final de su periodo completo como virrey.