Juan Manuel De Rosas

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Rosas, Juan Manuel De


Born Mar. 30, 1793, in Buenos Aires; died Mar. 14, 1877, in Swaythling, near Southampton, England. Argentine statesman.

Rosas entered the military in 1811 and in 1828 became a general. From 1829 to 1832 he was governor of the province of Buenos Aires, and in April 1835 he became de facto dictator of the country. Rosas established a regime based on terror. He restored the social order of colonial times and the privileges formerly enjoyed by the Catholic Church, and he encouraged the penetration of foreign, mainly British, capital into the country. In an attempt to bring Uruguay under his control, Rosas placed Montevideo under siege from 1843 to 1851. The growth of opposition and the conflicts between Buenos Aires and the other provinces led to the dissolution of his regime. After his overthrow in February 1852, Rosas went into exile in Great Britain.


Ocherki istorii Argentiny. Moscow, 1961. Pages 138–83.
References in periodicals archive ?
1) Desde su exilio en Chile y en la entonces Republica de la Banda Oriental auno esfuerzos junto con otros proscriptos unitarios para derrocar a Juan Manuel de Rosas, gobernador de la provincia de Buenos Aires entre 1829-1832 y encargado de las relaciones exteriores de la Confederacion Argentina con la suma del poder publico entre 1835-1852.
Using poetry, chapbooks, police records, and archived documents, Root reveals how the rhetoric of fashion was used to discuss politics and further a radical political agenda during the repressive regime of Juan Manuel de Rosas (1829-1852).
On the other hand, the repressive Argentinean strongman Juan Manuel de Rosas (+1877) was reclaimed and reburied a hundred years later in an appeal to a common past that could unite the nation more recently rent by its own dirty war.
In the course of a polemical critique of his political adversaries--Juan Manuel de Rosas, who ruthlessly wielded power in Argentina between 1829 and 1851, and the sanguinary provincial caudillo, Facundo Quiroga--Sarmiento presented himself as an advocate of enlightened and liberal principles as against the barbarism and savagery of the nation's strongmen.
In the pre-revolutionary years the ideas of the Enlightenment prevailed, gradually giving way to Romanticism and then the instrumental political theories that emphasized order over liberty and gave rise to the caudillismo associated with Juan Manuel de Rosas, who dominated Buenos Aires politics from the end of the 1820s through the early 1850s.
Minutely documented, Los Estancieros traces the social and economic impact of the ranchers on the formation of the Argentine nation, recounting historic moments such as when the estancieros of Buenos Aires surrounded the House of Representatives in 1829 and conferred absolute power on Juan Manuel de Rosas.