industrial engineering

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industrial engineering:

see engineeringengineering,
profession devoted to designing, constructing, and operating the structures, machines, and other devices of industry and everyday life. Types of Engineering

The primary types of engineering are chemical, civil, electrical, industrial, and mechanical.
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industrial engineering

[in′dəs·trē·əl ‚en·jə′nir·iŋ]
A branch of engineering concerned with the design, improvement, and installation of integrated systems of people, materials, and equipment. Also known as management engineering.

Industrial engineering

A branch of engineering dealing with the design, development, and implementation of integrated systems of humans, machines, and information resources to provide products and services. Industrial engineering encompasses specialized knowledge and skills in the physical, social, engineering, and management sciences, such as human and cognitive sciences, computer systems and information technologies, manufacturing processes, operations research, production, and automation. The industrial engineer integrates people into the design and development of systems, thus requiring an understanding of the physical, physiological, psychological, and other characteristics that govern and affect the performance of individuals and groups in working environments.

Industrial engineering is a broad field compared to other engineering disciplines. The major activities of industrial engineering stem from manufacturing industries and include work methods analysis and improvement; work measurement and the establishment of standards; machine tool analysis and design; job and workplace design; plant layout and facility design; materials handling; cost reduction; production planning and scheduling; inventory control, maintenance, and replacement; statistical quality control; scheduling; assembly-line balancing, systems, and procedures; and overall productivity improvement. Computers and information systems have necessitated additional activities and functions, including numerically controlled machine installation and programming; manufacturing systems design; computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing, design of experiments, quality engineering, and statistical process control; computer simulation, operations research, and management science methods; computer applications, software development, and information technology; human-factors engineering and ergonomics; systems design and integration; and robotics and automation.

The philosophy and motivation of the industrial engineering profession is to find the most efficient and effective methods, procedures, and processes for an operating system, and to seek continuous improvement. Thus, industrial engineering helps organizations grow and expand efficiently during periods of prosperity, and streamline costs and consolidate and reallocate resources during austere times. Industrial engineers, particularly those involved in manufacturing and related industries, work closely with management. Therefore, some understanding of organizational behavior, finance, management, and related business principles and practices is needed. See Computer-aided design and manufacturing, Human-factors engineering, Operations research, Production planning

References in periodicals archive ?
He's very bright, very dedicated, and that dedication goes beyond achieving something just for himself,'' said Bonita Campbell, professor and manufacturing systems engineering and management chair.
Cochran received an MBA and a Masters Degree in Manufacturing Systems Engineering from Stanford University and holds a BA in English from the University of California, Los Angeles.
He has master's degrees in business and manufacturing systems engineering from the Stanford Graduate School of Business.
Sannier, formerly with Iowa State University's Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering, is an expert in human/computer interaction and three-dimensional visualization, as well as a seasoned campus executive.
Upson holds a Masters of Science in Manufacturing Systems Engineering from Stanford University and a Bachelors of Science with honors in Industrial Engineering from Virginia Tech.
Sweeney obtained his Bachelor of Science in mechanical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a Master of Science in Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering from the Rackham School at the University of Michigan.
He holds a Bachelors degree in Electrical Engineering from Temple University and a Masters degree in Manufacturing Systems Engineering from Stanford University.
Nitze earned a Bachelor's degree with honors from Harvard University and two Master's degrees in industrial engineering and manufacturing systems engineering from Stanford University, the latter under a fellowship from the Stanford Integrated Manufacturing Association.
degree in production engineering from University College, Salford, England; and a Master of Science degree in manufacturing systems engineering from the Cranfield University, Cranfield, England.
Zimmerman, 65, Professor of Manufacturing Systems Engineering at the University of St.
McEleney holds a bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering from the University of Rochester, a master's degree in manufacturing systems engineering from Boston University, and a master's in business administration from Northeastern University.
Iowa State recently purchased 250 licenses of SolidWorks for its mechanical engineering, agricultural, aerospace, and industrial and manufacturing systems engineering departments.

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