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a complex of archaeological cultures in South Africa named after the cliff on the Limpopo River near Messina.

Mapungubwe was discovered by treasure hunters in 1929 and investigated between 1931 and 1934. Traces of a culture from the early Iron Age (c. eighth to 12th centuries) were found on the cliff and in its vicinity. The culture was characterized by modeled stamped pottery, small iron arrowheads, and iron hoes. The population engaged in primitive hoe farming and in stock raising and hunting. A fortification on the cliff, dating from approximately the 14th to 17th centuries, belonged to a culture of the developed Iron Age that had polished pottery, numerous objects made of iron, and gold ornaments. The population of this later stage also engaged in farming and stock raising. The late culture of Mapungubwe most likely was a variant of the Zimbabwe culture.


Fadeev, L. A. “Problema proiskhozhdeniia kul’tury Zimbabve.” Sovetskaia etnografiia, 1960, no. 2.
Fouché, L. Mapungubwe: Ancient Bantu Civilisation on the Limpopo. London, 1937.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ntate Kgalushi Koka, The Logical Study of Afrika in Its Totality (Johannesburg, South Africa: Karaites Institute of Afrikology, nd); Dani Wadada Nabudere, Afrikology, Philosophy and Wholeness: An Epistemology (Pretoria, South Africa: Africa Institute of South Africa, 2011); Dani Wadada Nabudere, Afrikology and Transdisciplinarity: A Restorative Epistemology (Pretoria, South Africa: Africa Institute of South Africa, 2012); Dani Wadada Nabudere, From Agriculture to Agricology: Towards a Glocal Circular Economy (Johannesburg, South Africa: Real African Publishers on behalf of Mapungubwe Institute for Strategic Reflection (MISTRA), 2013); Molefi Kete Asante, African Pyramids of Knowledge: Kemet, Afrocentricity and Africology (Brooklyn, New York: Universal Write Publication LLC, 2015);
In 2013, Professor Abdool Karim was awarded South Africas highest honour, the Order of Mapungubwe, for her contribution to the response to HIV.
In light of concerns about deteriorating race relations and social cohesion in South Africa, a more broad-based conversation on whiteness in South Africa, particularly with regard to Afrikaans whites, was hosted by the Mapungubwe Institute for Strategic Reflection in November 2015 (see <http://www.
Yongjun Zhao, Head of China Affairs and Assistant Professor in Globalisation Studies at the University of Groningen in the Netherlands, and Research Fellow at the Mapungubwe Institute for Strategic Reflection in South Africa, discusses these issues.
Department of Political Sciences, University of Pretoria and Mapungubwe Institute for Strategic Reflection, South Africa
You will get to enjoy visiting the cradle of humankind in Gauteng, the Western Cape, and its famous wine routes and obviously, the famous ruins of Kingdom of Mapungubwe situated in the northern part of Limpopo.
The objects found in the book span from 2000bc to 2000ad and those that are included range from the Mapungubwe rhinoceros found in Stone Age Africa to a gladiator's helmet from Ancient Rome.
Currently a South African national park, sitting on an area that was declared a World Heritage Site in 2003, lies Mapungubwe Hill which was the centre of the kingdom of Mapungubwe.
Faculty Head: Humanity Mapungubwe Institute for Strategic Reflection (MISTRA), Midrand, South Africa
The study by Hannaford, Staub, Jones and Bigg spans a substantial time frame, taking in the social and environmental dynamics of Africa's first state, Mapungubwe and the turbulent years of the difaqane/mfecane in the early 1800s, to explore the subtle impacts of climate variability on human activity.
While studying the migration and habitat use of these tigerfish in a South African lake in the Mapungubwe National Park, near the border with Botswana and Zimbabwe, the researchers saw as many as 20 successful fish strikes on bam swallows (Hirundo rustica) every day.
29,30] Following a vicious drought in about 1100 AD, the people of Mapungubwe moved north of the Limpopo to found Great Zimbabwe.