Maputo


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Maputo

(məpo͞o`tō), city (1997 pop. 966,837), capital of Mozambique, a port on the Indian Ocean. It is Mozambique's largest city and its administrative, communications, and commercial center. The economy is dominated by the modern port, on Maputo Bay; coal, cotton, sugar, chrome, ore, sisal, copra, and hardwood are the chief exports. The city's main manufactures are food products, beverages, cement, pottery, furniture, shoes, and rubber; there is a large aluminum smelting operation nearby at Belaluane. People of Indo-Pakistani background play an important role in retail trade. Prior to Mozambique's independence in 1975, tourists from South Africa and Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) frequented the city and its excellent beaches. Since then, tourism has declined. Maputo is linked by rail with South Africa, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe and by an all-weather road with Johannesburg, South Africa. Founded in the late 18th cent., the city was named Lourenço Marques for the Portuguese trader who first explored the area in 1544. Its main growth dates from 1895, when a railroad to Pretoria, South Africa, was completed. In 1907, it became the capital of Mozambique. After independence, most of the city's large Portuguese population left and its name was changed to Maputo. Maputo's economy suffered as Mozambique broke ties with South Africa in the 1970s and 80s. The Univ. of Mozambique (1962) is in the city, which also has a museum on Mozambique's history, a military museum, and the Roman Catholic Cathedral of Our Lady of Fatima.

Maputo

the capital and chief port of Mozambique, in the south on Delagoa Bay: became capital in 1907; the nearest port to the Rand gold-mining and industrial region of South Africa. Pop.: 1 316 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Out of the AU 54 member states, 18 countries have yet to ratify the Maputo Protocol on women's rights.
Descrita como um mosaico multicolor e regiao de forte atracao da populacao rural (Manuel COSTA E SILVA apud Cecilia Castanheira BILALE, 1998), Maputo congrega pessoas de norte a sul do pais e e o municipio mais populoso de Mocambique, com mais de um milhao de habitantes (BILALE, 1998).
With this delivery, we will add southern Africa to our growing presence in Africa, and I look forward to forging a long-term, mutually beneficial relationship with DP World Maputo.
Nyusi was quoted by Thursday's issue of the Maputo daily paper Noticias as saying that he was open to talk to Dhlakama.
But Maputo is also undergoing a dramatic transformation into a more bustling, cosmopolitan place as the economy mushrooms.
Maputo Province is subdivided into 7 districts, and samples from 6 of these districts were available for analysis: Boane (n = 28), Magude (n = 34), Manhica (n = 65), Marracuene (n = 82), Matutuine (n = 131), and Moamba (n = 64).
Within a month of starting operations to Mozambique, Qatar Airways celebrated the launch of its 19th African destination with a VIP dinner in Maputo.
31 -- Shehan Ratnavale High Commissioner in Pretoria visited Maputo between 9-11 October and presented credentials to Armando Guebuza concurrently accrediting him as the new High Commissioner of Sri Lanka to The Republic of Mozambique.
Ethiopian 787 Dreamliner touches down in Maputo being the first outside Japan Ethiopian is the first airline in the world outside Japan to operate the most technologically advanced commercial aircraft.
25 October 2011 -- Mozambique-based mobile network operator mcel has selected Swedish telecoms equipment major Ericsson AB (STO:ERIC B) as preferred supplier for the modernisation and expansion of its 3G radio network in Mozambique's capital city Maputo, Ericsson said today.
The project will make use of the Maputo Corridor linking the Republic of South Africa and Mozambique to secure wood chips for use in paper manufacturing, whose demand is expected to increase even further.