maquis


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Related to maquis: Maquisard, Garrigue

maquis

(mäkē`): see guerrilla warfareguerrilla warfare
[Span.,=little war], fighting by groups of irregular troops (guerrillas) within areas occupied by the enemy. When guerrillas obey the laws of conventional warfare they are entitled, if captured, to be treated as ordinary prisoners of war; however, they are
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.

Maquis

 

a thicket of evergreen sclerophyllous and spiny shrubs and small trees (Turkish terebinth, myrtle, strawberry tree, juniper, wild olive, rockrose). Maquis are most common in the Mediterranean region, in the lower mountain zone up to an elevation of 700 m, forming dense, often impenetrable thickets or, more rarely, underbrush in evergreen sclerophyllous forests. Many species compose the maquis, with spiny shrubs predominating (average height, 3-4 m; trees measuring 8-10 m high are less frequently encountered). Maquis arose mainly on the sites of felled sclerophyllous forests, but some developed independently. Annuals predominate in the herbaceous cover. Many of the plants contain essential oils and have strong odors. Maquis is known as scrub in Australia and chaparral in North America.

REFERENCE

Il’inskii, A. P. Rastitel’nost’ zemnogo shara. Moscow-Leningrad, 1937.

Maquis

 

a name of French partisan units in World War II (1939-45).

Maquis detachments were first formed from Frenchmen who evaded labor service and deportation to fascist Germany by hiding in the mountains and in areas covered with growths of maquis. The Committee for Coordination and Struggle Against Deportation, headed by I. Farger, played an important role in the formation of the maquis. The maquis were an important part of the French Resistance Movement.

REFERENCE

Le Parti Communiste français dans la Résistance. Paris, 1967.

maquis

[mä′kē]
(ecology)
A type of vegetation composed of shrubs, or scrub, usually not exceeding 10 feet (3 meters) in height, the majority having small, hard, leathery, often spiny or needlelike drought-resistant leaves and occurring in areas with a Mediterranean climate.

maquis

1. shrubby mostly evergreen vegetation found in coastal regions of the Mediterranean: includes myrtles, heaths, arbutus, cork oak, and ilex
2. 
a. the French underground movement that fought against the German occupying forces in World War II
b. a member of this movement
References in periodicals archive ?
Teresa becomes a prey that both the Civil Guard and the maquis strive to hunt down and eliminate.
When a German counterattack against the Maquis disrupted lines of communication, Wake covered 200 kilometers by bike over hostile ground to get and receive crucial messages.
We are not against Princess Street," she said, hinting at a new life for the area with bars and maquis "that respect norms.
The countryside is covered in shrubs, known collectively as the maquis - sweetscented plants such as gorse, juniper and myrtle, lavender, thyme and sage.
I suppose we all have to imagine our own personal Maquis, the elusive, haunting Proustian smell of the spiny scrub plants of Bouldrey's island.
The 6th Army Group consisted of American veterans, and its French units swelled with tens of thousands of Free French Forces of the Interior and the Maquis.
Now a sociologist at Columbia University, Venkatesh spent over a decade immersed in a 10-block neighborhood he calls Maquis Park (a pseudonym) before producing Off the Books.
Elements of the maquis - the French Resistance - attacked German garrison towns.
Ils sont encore dans l'image de la guerre, du desert, du fellagha et des maquis.
And Daniel Rubin, Maquis Scholar at Lafayette College and son of Jay and Jody Rubin, will participate this summer in the EXCELL scholars research project Hubert Humphrey and the Tragedy of American Professionalism.
Once he was with a group of French Maquis trying to escape over the border into Switzerland when they were attacked by the Germans.