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(märägä`), city (1991 pop. 117,388), East Azerbaijan prov., NW Iran, on the southern slopes of Mt. Sahand. It is the trade and transportation center of a fertile fruit-growing region; dried fruits are shipped from there. After the Arab conquest in the 7th cent. Maragheh developed rapidly as a provincial capital. In 1029 it was seized by the Oghuz Turks, but they were driven out by a Kurdish chief who established a local dynasty. The city was destroyed by the Mongols in 1221, but Hulagu Khan held court there until the establishment of a fixed capital at Tabriz. The city was temporarily occupied by Russia in 1828. Maragheh's celebrated observatory (13th cent.) is now in ruins. The city is also known as Maragha.



(Maragah), a city in northwestern Iran in the province of Azarbaijan-e Khavari (East Azerbaijan). Population, 56,000 (1971); railroad station.

Maragheh is the center of a vinicultural and fruit-growing region. Dried fruits are produced (primarily raisins for export). There is also a wood products industry. Coal and marble are mined nearby.

Maragheh is an ancient city; the exact date of its founding has not been established. It was destroyed by the Mongols in 1221. The city was the residence of the first rulers of the Hulagu dynasty. In the second half of the 13th century the Maragheh Observatory was built under the supervision of Nasr al-Din al-Tusi. Noteworthy monuments in Maragheh include a number of tomb towers: one constructed in 1168, Gonbad-e Sorkh (1148), Gonbad-e Kabud (or Gok-Giinbez, 1197), and Gonbad-e Sharaffiya (1328). There are also remnants of the observatory (1260). Maragheh has for a long time been famous for its production of morocco leather and rugs.


Godard, A. “Les Monuments de Maragha.” Publications de la Societe des etudes iraniennes et de l’art person, Paris, 1934, no. 9.
References in periodicals archive ?
Other major cities include Ahar, Bonab, Bostanabad, Heris, Hashtrud, Kalibar, Marand, Mianeh, Maragheh, Sarab and Shabestar.
1) Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maragheh, Maragheh, East Azerbaijan, IRAN, siminnaseri@gmail.
1) Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Basic Sciences, University of Maragheh, Maragheh, Iran
the people of Maragheh and nearby cities, tourism attraction
They raided two houses, belonging to Khaled Shweki from the Wadi Yasol neighborhood and Adli Maragheh from the neighborhood of Maragheh.
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The prisoners Rasim Halaweh, Alial-Ja'fari and Ishaq Maragheh died in the Nafha prison in 1980 after 32 days of hunger strike.
The first report of dead boars came from 2 villages (Oshdibin, and Namngah) in the Jolfa area and then from other cities such as Ahar, Sarab, Maragheh, and Marand.
Station Elevation (m) Latitude (Degree) Longitude (Degree) Abali 2465 35[degrees] 45' 5[degrees] 53' Ahar 1391 38[degrees] 26 ' 47[degrees] 7' Ardebil 1332 38[degrees] 15 ' 48[degrees] 17' Astara -18 38[degrees] 25 ' 48[degrees] 52' Ghazvin 1279 36[degrees] 15 ' 50[degrees] 3' karaj 1313 35[degrees] 55 ' 50[degrees] 54' Khalkhal 1796 37[degrees] 38 ' 48[degrees] 31' Khorram dareh 1575 36[degrees] 11 ' 49[degrees] 11' Manjil 333 36[degrees] 44 ' 49[degrees] 24' Maragheh 1478 37[degrees] 24 ' 46[degrees] 16' Meshkin shahr 1569 38[degrees] 23 ' 47[degrees] 40' Mianeh 1110 37[degrees] 27 ' 47[degrees] 42' Noushahr -20.
Five Iranian soldiers and two railway men were killed when the rebels took the town of Maragheh and marched down the Tabiz-Tehran railway line.
Maher Abdul Wahed, of the Batan al-Hawa area of Silwan, claimed that Rami Maragheh, 17, was detained in his home around 3 a.