Maranhão

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Related to Maranhao: Maranhão, Rio Grande do Norte

Maranhão

(mərənyouN`), state (1996 pop. 5,218,442), 126,897 sq mi (328,663 sq km), NE Brazil, on the Atlantic Ocean. The capital is São LuísSão Luís
, city (1996 pop. 781,068), capital of Maranhão state, NE Brazil. It is a port city located on São Luís Island in São Marcos Bay of the Atlantic Ocean.
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 (also known as Maranhão). Agriculture and livestock remain central to the economy of the region, which has been the site of major agricultural and industrial colonization projects since the 1970s. Industries now include steel manufacture and food processing. Brazil operates a satellite launch facility at Alcântara in N Maranhão. Maranhão had long been inhabited by the Tupinambás when the Portuguese established the first European settlement there in 1534.

Maranhão

 

a state in northeastern Brazil. Area, 328,700 sq km. Population, 3 million (1970). The administrative center is São Luís. Maranhao occupies the northern slopes of the Brazilian Highlands, which are covered with savannas, and a coastal lowland with equatorial rain forests. The economy is based on land cultivation and cattle-raising, with land cultivation being the main branch. Long-staple cotton, sugarcane, cocoa, and coffee are grown on plantations. In the valleys of the main rivers the fruit of the babassu palm (82 percent of the country’s harvest in 1970) and the wax of the carnauba palm are gathered. Live-stock is raised in the savannas; in 1970 there were 2.3 million head of cattle, 800,000 goats, and 3.9 million hogs. Maranhao also has cotton and sugar industries. Seaports include São Luís and Icatu.

References in periodicals archive ?
Hawthorne shows that white planters had experimented with rice in Maranhao and Para long before Upper Guineans were there.
With the identification of other genotype III strains in Brazil, isolated in the states of Rondonia (Ariquemes and Machadinho d'Oeste), Acre (Xapuri), and Maranhao (Porto Franco), we were able to make inferences about the most possible dispersion route.
Os depoimentos que seguem foram obtidos durante um trabalho de campo no Maranhao oriental, entre janeiro e outubro de 1982, e publicados pela primeira vez em 1988.
punctatus in the center-East, center-West, and Northeast of Maranhao State, and show that this species is widely distributed in this State (Fig.
Em todas as coletas, observou-se que as praias apresentavam considerado fluxo de banhistas, principalmente nas praias do Calhau e Olho d'Agua, esta ultima com presenca significativa de onibus trazendo banhistas do interior do Estado do Maranhao, sendo, portanto, elevado o risco de contaminacao pelo maior numero de banhistas expostos nessas ocasioes.
Maranhao said that, since it became public that Banco do Brasil had the contracts with Valerio's company, the bank has fired 10 executives.
By examining the relationships of resource users with the biophysical environment of the central portion of the state of Maranhao, I focus this analysis on the two most relevant social segments in the regional agrarian society: peasant producers, referred to as agro-extractive/shifting-cultivator peasants, and market-oriented cattle ranchers.
Professor Mario Maranhao, president of the World Heart Federation, said: "Even moderate exercise such as a brisk walk for 30 minutes most days helps control weight, cuts stress, anxiety and depression.
The mongrel, named Bingo, had his own cell, exercise periods, medical treatment and visitors in Maranhao, Brazil.
In 1755, in response to this advice, Pombal established the Company for Grao Para and Maranhao.
Runaways in the gold-mining zones of Minas Gerais (see essays by Carlos Magno Guimaraes and Donald Ramos), Goias (Mary Karasch), and Maranhao and Para (Matthias Rohrig Assuncao) supported themselves by seeking out new gold deposits in remote areas and mining those unclaimed veins.
Nevertheless, the rough outlines are as follows: Vieira was ordained into the Jesuit order and sent as a young man to Maranhao, in Brazil's Amazonian frontier, to minister to Portuguese settlers and convert the local Indians in 1653.