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(mərä`tē), language belonging to the Indic group of the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. See Indo-IranianIndo-Iranian,
subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages, spoken by more than a billion people, chiefly in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Iran, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka (see The Indo-European Family of Languages, table).
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one of the national languages of India.

Marathi is spoken mainly in the state of Maharashtra by approximately 47 million people (1971, estimate). Marathi be-longs to the Indie group of the Indo-European language family. Marathi has two principal dialects: Deshi and Konkani. The latter is known as northern, or standard Konkani, as opposed to southern Konkani, an independent language, closely related to Marathi, which is spoken in Goa.

The modern Marathi literary language is based on Deshi. Marathi uses the Devanagari writing system. The grammatical structure, vocabulary, and phonetics of Marathi have features that associate Marathi with the Dravidian languages. A specific feature of Marathi phonetics is the presence of two affricate variants: apicodorsal affricates (as in the Telugu language) and mediolingual dorsal affricates. Marathi morphology makes use of agglutinative, inflectional, and analytic forms. Marathi has preserved three genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter. A specific feature of the syntax is the widespread use of participial constructions to express subordinating relations (as in the Dravidian languages). The Marathi vocabulary is characterized by a considerable number of “local” everyday words (in Deshi) of non-Indo-Aryan origin (Dravidian, Munda, Mon-Khmer).


Katenina, T. E. Ocherk grammatiki iazyka maratkhi. Moscow, 1963.
Lambert, H. M. Marathi Language Course. Calcutta, 1943.
Vaze, S. G. The Aryabhushan School Dictionary: Marathi-English. Poona, 1963.
Mone, M. S. Mara fhr vyaka ran. Poona, 1959.
Bloch, J. The Formation of the Marathi Language. Delhi, 1970. (Translated from French.)


References in periodicals archive ?
Marathi is one of the oldest and established language in the western region of India with a vast base and literary background.
The film also marks Viacom18 Motion Pictures' foray into Marathi films.
The courtroom drama was released on around 150 screens in April and it features Marathi stage actress Geetanjali Kulkarni and Vivek Gomber.
I tend to think it was the latter - their protest was not about her opposition to the imposition of a specific timing for the exhibition of Marathi films or even about her sarcasm over popcorn and vada pau.
Recently Reema acted in a Marathi series 'Tuza Maza Jamena' on Zee Marathi channel which gained an overwhelming response for its concept.
Match day starts with Mumbai Heroes versus Telugu Warriors, followed by Kerala Strikers versus Veer Marathi.
It also aims to create interest about Marathi films among the younger generation.
Google says Marathi is spoken in India and has 73 million native speakers.
The Rise of a Folk God is an intensively edited translation, as Feldhaus condensed the 423-page Marathi text and strove to make it accessible to readers beyond the western Indian region where Vitthal is famous.
A host of musical, theatre, dance and comedy performances will be held across the weekend for the ninth European Marathi Sammelan.
he met the chief minister to discuss Marathi schools and taxi permits for
19 -- After warning multiplex owners over screening of Marathi movies, Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS) chief Raj Thackeray has now trained his guns at taxi and auto drivers who refuse ferry short distance passengers.