Marathi

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Marathi

(mərä`tē), language belonging to the Indic group of the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. See Indo-IranianIndo-Iranian,
subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages, spoken by more than a billion people, chiefly in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Iran, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka (see The Indo-European Family of Languages, table).
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Marathi

 

one of the national languages of India.

Marathi is spoken mainly in the state of Maharashtra by approximately 47 million people (1971, estimate). Marathi be-longs to the Indie group of the Indo-European language family. Marathi has two principal dialects: Deshi and Konkani. The latter is known as northern, or standard Konkani, as opposed to southern Konkani, an independent language, closely related to Marathi, which is spoken in Goa.

The modern Marathi literary language is based on Deshi. Marathi uses the Devanagari writing system. The grammatical structure, vocabulary, and phonetics of Marathi have features that associate Marathi with the Dravidian languages. A specific feature of Marathi phonetics is the presence of two affricate variants: apicodorsal affricates (as in the Telugu language) and mediolingual dorsal affricates. Marathi morphology makes use of agglutinative, inflectional, and analytic forms. Marathi has preserved three genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter. A specific feature of the syntax is the widespread use of participial constructions to express subordinating relations (as in the Dravidian languages). The Marathi vocabulary is characterized by a considerable number of “local” everyday words (in Deshi) of non-Indo-Aryan origin (Dravidian, Munda, Mon-Khmer).

REFERENCES

Katenina, T. E. Ocherk grammatiki iazyka maratkhi. Moscow, 1963.
Lambert, H. M. Marathi Language Course. Calcutta, 1943.
Vaze, S. G. The Aryabhushan School Dictionary: Marathi-English. Poona, 1963.
Mone, M. S. Mara fhr vyaka ran. Poona, 1959.
Bloch, J. The Formation of the Marathi Language. Delhi, 1970. (Translated from French.)

L. A. BARKHUDAROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Many newspapers published in Marathi language have been published weekly supplement on farm mechanization, crop protection and disease, horticulture, animal husbandry, food processing, expert advice and new innovations in agriculture etc.
In this paper, we discussed the issues relevant to the development of unit selection speech systems for Marathi language.
In December, Tawde had also announced that he would soon take several steps to ensure that the Marathi language gets adequate importance across the state.
Tatod, taking cognizance of a writ petition filed by Viren Shah, president of the Mumbai Businessmen Association (MBA) against the compulsory putting up shop hoarding in Marathi language by the MNS, took the state government to task and said as to why the state government and the police had dithered from taking action against the MNS workers who had taken the laws into their hands over the issue of putting up shop name boards in Marathi language.
On Saturday, he visited the book fair and also participated in a seminar on Marathi language.
Blaming the Shiv Sena activists for playing with the emotions of the people over Marathi language issue, Muttemwar said Vidharbha lies in a Hindi belt and was merged with Maharashtra, when the then Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru asked the people residing in Central Province and Berar to join Maharashtra.
Bal Thackeray often upholds Marathi language and pride, but all his grandchildren have studied in Bombay Scottish School near Mahim.
Legislators of the right-wing Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS), who have been championing for the state's Marathi language, pushed aside Azmi when he began to take oath in Hindi.
For instance, she made use of her knowledge of Marathi language while interacting with the slum dwellers, and looked involved in her task when she was asked to mash chillies.
Mangeshkar has been the recipient of several awards, including the prestigious National Award, and has composed many songs in Hindi and Marathi languages.