Marathi

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Marathi

(mərä`tē), language belonging to the Indic group of the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. See Indo-IranianIndo-Iranian,
subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages, spoken by more than a billion people, chiefly in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Iran, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka (see The Indo-European Family of Languages, table).
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Marathi

 

one of the national languages of India.

Marathi is spoken mainly in the state of Maharashtra by approximately 47 million people (1971, estimate). Marathi be-longs to the Indie group of the Indo-European language family. Marathi has two principal dialects: Deshi and Konkani. The latter is known as northern, or standard Konkani, as opposed to southern Konkani, an independent language, closely related to Marathi, which is spoken in Goa.

The modern Marathi literary language is based on Deshi. Marathi uses the Devanagari writing system. The grammatical structure, vocabulary, and phonetics of Marathi have features that associate Marathi with the Dravidian languages. A specific feature of Marathi phonetics is the presence of two affricate variants: apicodorsal affricates (as in the Telugu language) and mediolingual dorsal affricates. Marathi morphology makes use of agglutinative, inflectional, and analytic forms. Marathi has preserved three genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter. A specific feature of the syntax is the widespread use of participial constructions to express subordinating relations (as in the Dravidian languages). The Marathi vocabulary is characterized by a considerable number of “local” everyday words (in Deshi) of non-Indo-Aryan origin (Dravidian, Munda, Mon-Khmer).

REFERENCES

Katenina, T. E. Ocherk grammatiki iazyka maratkhi. Moscow, 1963.
Lambert, H. M. Marathi Language Course. Calcutta, 1943.
Vaze, S. G. The Aryabhushan School Dictionary: Marathi-English. Poona, 1963.
Mone, M. S. Mara fhr vyaka ran. Poona, 1959.
Bloch, J. The Formation of the Marathi Language. Delhi, 1970. (Translated from French.)

L. A. BARKHUDAROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Many newspapers published in Marathi language have been published weekly supplement on farm mechanization, crop protection and disease, horticulture, animal husbandry, food processing, expert advice and new innovations in agriculture etc.
The tiger roared, "Betrayal of Marathi language in Maharashtra will not be tolerated.
CV structures are split according to rules derived empirically based on the structure of Marathi language.
While most of the government paper work is already done in Marathi, state Education Minister and the minister for Marathi language, Vinod Tawde has now written to the Supreme Court demanding that the courts in Mumbai deliver all orders in the local language instead of English.
The Test Paper will be in English as well as in Marathi language.
The MNS chief warned that it was mandatory for people residing in Maharashtra to speak the regional Marathi language.
A proposal for granting of classical status to Marathi language has been received from Marathi Language Department, Government of Maharashtra.
Dhadak is an upcoming romantic drama film based on 2016 Marathi language film Sairat.
He was a keen champion of the Marathi language press and inaugurated the Observer Research Foundation's Maharashtra@50 Study Centre at the Asiatic Society in 2010, when he was its president.
Just like in Golmaal Returns, where I said bad words, expect me doing something similar in Singham Returns," said Kareena, who said she took help of a Marathi language trainer to get her diction right for the film.
He further said that the Constitution of India has listed 22 national languages, which should be respected by everybody and the Marathi language is not the language of Maharashtrians only, but all Indians.
The MNS, Raj said, was not compelling anyone to put up boards in Marathi language, but doing this only according to the laws made by the Maharashtra government.