Marathon


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Wikipedia.

Marathon

(mâr`əthŏn), village and plain, ancient Greece, 20 mi (32 km) NE of Athens. Here the Athenians and Plataeans under MiltiadesMiltiades
, d. 489 B.C., Athenian general who commanded at Marathon. He succeeded his uncle as ruler (c.524 B.C.) of an Athenian dependency in the Gallipoli Peninsula. He accompanied (c.513) Darius in the Persian expedition into Scythia.
..... Click the link for more information.
 defeated a Persian army in 490 B.C. (see Persian WarsPersian Wars,
500 B.C.–449 B.C., series of conflicts fought between Greek states and the Persian Empire. The writings of Herodotus, who was born c.484 B.C., are the great source of knowledge of the history of the wars.
..... Click the link for more information.
).

Marathon

 

an ancient Greek settlement on a plain of the same name in Attica (40 km northeast of Athens), in the vicinity of which a battle occurred on Sept. 13, 490 B.C., during the Greco-Persian Wars.

The Greek forces (11,000) were formed into a phalanx by the military leader Miltiades at the entrance to the Marathon valley; as a defense against a flanking movement by the Persian cavalry the strengthened flanks of the phalanx were protected by forested mountain spurs and abatis that were brought out in front. The Greeks attacked the Persians (about 20,000), who had landed by ship, with a “running march,” but they were counterattacked by Persian infantry bowmen, who broke through the weak center of the Greek phalanx. At the same time the strong elite detachments of Greeks overran the Persian cavalry and light infantry on the flanks and then defeated the Persian infantry in the center. Since the Greeks interrupted their pursuit of the Persians fleeing to the shore in order to bury their dead (192 men), the Persians managed to board their ships and sail to sea. At Marathon, Greek hoplites, moving in phalanx formation, defeated the more numerous but less organized and cohesive Persian Army.

marathon

modern races, more than 26 miles, commemorate feat of Pheidippides. [World Sports: Benét, 633]

Marathon

plain near Athens where Greeks defeated Persians in 490 B.C. [Gk. Hist.: Benét, 633]
See: Battle

marathon

a race on foot of 26 miles 385 yards (42.195 kilometres): an event in the modern Olympics

Marathon

a plain in Attica northeast of Athens: site of a victory of the Athenians and Plataeans over the Persians (490 bc)
References in periodicals archive ?
And for the 15 members of the North Hollywood-based Day Laborers Marathon team, that means running 26 miles through the streets of Los Angeles to bring some pride and dignity to the 30,000 people like themselves who often are seen on street corners looking for work.
Approximately 100 participants in this year's Denver Marathon represented charitable organizations which are expected to raise more than $150,000.
Marathon had steadily risen for three consecutive years, Burke said it was his ``holy grail'' to have a winning time under 2 hours, 10 minutes.
Businesses and organizations can enter teams of four persons to run the Denver Marathon Corporate Relay, of which 100 percent of the money raised will benefit Denver's Road Home, Denver Mayor John W.
Abbott's new title sponsorship was announced in October 2014 at the Bank of America Chicago Marathon, making Abbott the first-ever title sponsor in the global race series' eight-year history.
Marathon NOVEMBER | Conwy Half Marathon JANUARY | Bermuda Triangle Challenge FEBRUARY | Brighton Half "I'm only PS700 off my target of PS10,000 raised and I'm so lucky that I've such a lot of support.
Carrie Blakemore was the first woman to cross the full marathon finish line at a quick three hours, 15 minutes and 28 seconds.
We'd like to welcome back all of last year's runners while encouraging new runners to experience this memorable event by training and running in the 2007 Denver Marathon," said Anton Villatoro, Executive Director of the Denver Marathon.
I almost don't know how to describe what it would do for us, having a man and woman both win a major marathon,'' said Jim Estes, USA Track and Field long-distance running programs manager.
North Sea, Marathon continued development and fabrication of the East Brae field platform, which will start producing liquid hydrocarbons in late 1993, with peak production of 45,000 net barrels per day expected in 1995.
We are proud to recognize IGT, which has shown an outstanding ability to identify and capitalize on sales opportunities for everRun, as our 2006 Partner of the Year," said Kristen Robinson, Vice President of Sales at Marathon Technologies.