Marc Bloch


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Marc Bloch
Birthday
BirthplaceLyon, France
Died
NationalityFrench
Occupation
Historian

Bloch, Marc

 

Born July 6, 1886, in Lyon; died near there, June 16, 1944. French historian.

Bloch studied at the École Normale Supérieure and completed his education (1908–09) at the universities of Leipzig and Berlin. He was a professor at the University of Strasbourg from 1919 to 1936; later, he was a professor at the Sorbonne. During the German occupation of France, Bloch was an active participant in the Resistance movement; he was shot by the Gestapo.

In specific historical works, Bloch gave the most profound treatment in bourgeois scholarship of Western European feudalism as an integrated social system, on the basis of generalization from a great quantity of factual material. In 1929, Bloch and L. Fèvre founded and directed the journal Annales d’histoire économique et sociale (now Annales: Economies, Sociétés, Civilisations), which strengthened the study of socioeconomic history in France and promoted a more extensive use in historical research of materials from related disciplines (psychology, geography, economics, statistics, and others). The learned school which was formed around Bloch during the 1930’s is still influential in contemporary historiography (especially in the study of the Middle Ages and the modern period).

WORKS

Les Caracteres originaux de l’histoire rurale française, vols. 1–2. Oslo-Paris, 1931–56. In Russian translation: Kharakternye cherry frantsuzskoi agrarnoi istorii, vol. 1. Moscow, 1957.
Apologie pour l’histoire. . . . Paris, 1949.
La Société féodale. [Paris, 1968.]
Melanges historiques, vols. 1–2. Paris, 1963. (Bibliography of Bloch’s works, vol. 2, pp. 1031–1104.)

REFERENCE

Kon, I. S., and A. D. Liublinskaia. “Trudy frants. istorika M. Bloka.” Voprosy istorii, 1955, no. 8.

IU. L. BESSMERTNYI

References in periodicals archive ?
At first sight, the reader may feel slightly at odds with the author's invective against nineteenth- and twentieth-century historians, with particular sympathies for Georges Duby, Pierre Bonnassie, and Marc Bloch.
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Years ago, Marc Bloch called attention to the "insidious" and irrational practice of treating history as a progression of centuries, noting "we appear to assign an arbitrarily chosen and strictly pendulum-like rhythm to realities to which such regularity is entirely alien.
Although the most innovative nineteenth-century historians worked outside of universities, they successfully launched the systematic study of social history, which has been (wrongly) viewed as the creative innovation of later academic historians such as Lucien Febvre and Marc Bloch.
Eugen Weber, who acknowledges Thuillier's influence on him as being only second to that of Marc Bloch, believes that Thuillier is the most creative living practitioner of nineteenth- and twentieth-century regional history.
Immediately after the defeat of 1940 both Philippe Petain and Marc Bloch complained of the harmful role played in public life by the schoolteachers of interwar France, in contrast to their much admired predecessors of the early Third Republic.
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The thought and career of 19 medievalists, some of whom are very well known figures in medieval history, philology, and literature--Ernst Kantorowicz, Francois Louis Ganshof, Georges Duby, Marc Bloch, and Etienne Gilson among them--are described in essays contributed by an international group of scholars.
The legacy of Marc Bloch includes an enduring assessment of the significance of cultural attitudes in shaping medieval commonfield agriculture.
A book that successfully challenges the interpretations of Marc Bloch and Georges Lefebvre is significant, and should be read by all who are interested in the Old Regime.
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Marc Bloch, who died in 1944, is referenced multiple times as if his works were published this decade, not decades ago (pp.