Marcel Lajos Breuer

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Breuer, Marcel Lajos

 

Born May 21, 1902, in Pecs, Hungary. American architect.

Breuer studied and worked in 1920-28 in Germany at the Bauhaus (mainly as a furniture designer), and in 1925 he invented tubular steel furniture. In 1928-31 he lived in Berlin, in 1935-37 in London, and after 1937 in the USA (where up to 1941 he collaborated with W. Gropius). As one of the leaders of functionalism he strove for a functional sharpness of composition, clarity of building structures, and compactness of planes and volumes. Breuer’s buildings include the Bijenkorf department store in Rotterdam (1956-57), an enclosed area with widely spaced slit-shaped windows, a controlled climate, and artificial illumination; the UNESCO building in Paris (1953-57, jointly with B. Zehrfuss and P. L. Nervi); a gymnasium in Litchfield, Conn. (1954-56); and the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York (1966). These buildings demonstrate the achievement and possibilities of modern architecture and are notable for the plastic expressiveness and skillful use of the structural and artistic possibilities of concrete.

REFERENCE

Breuer, Marcel. Buildings and Projects, 1921-1961. London, 1962.
References in periodicals archive ?
Marcel Breuer, 'Architectural Details', Architectural Record, February 1964, 121.
The building, which promises to be three times larger than the Marcel Breuer monolith, will include an 18,000-square-foot gallery for special exhibitions, making it the largest column-free museum gallery in the city, according to a news release.
PEL is important in the history of design because it took the ideas and style promoted by designers such as Marcel Breuer on the continent and introduced them to mass-produced British Style (the company manufactured the chairs for the BBC's headquarters in London).
While a student at the Bauhaus School, Marcel Breuer used the phrase 'Form and Function' in an essay about design - and this phrase still resonates with designers and architects to this day.
Modern Schools: A Century of Design for Education features the work of more than 60 architects worldwide, including twentieth century masters Frank Lloyd Wright, Alvar Aalto, Marcel Breuer, Le Corbusier, and Eliel and Eero Saarinen, as well as contemporaries such as Morphosis, Coop Himmel(b)lau, Behnisch & Partners, and Patkau Architects, among many others.
The Greater Boston area became one of the centers of mid-century modern houses due to the presence of two of the style's major proponents, Walter Gropius and Marcel Breuer, at the Harvard Graduate School of Design.
Robert Irwin specifically configured for the fourth floor of the Whitney's Marcel Breuer building on the occasion of his 1.
Designed by Marcel Breuer in 1925 and named for abstract painter Wassily Kandinsky (Breuer's colleague at the Bauhaus), this chair is made by Knoll Studio.
In addition, Tinterow played a key role in the conception and subsequent planning stages of the collaboration between the Metropolitan and the Whitney Museum of American Art to provide for the Metropolitan's expansion into the Whitney's landmark Marcel Breuer building on Madison Avenue.
The Met, which will take the Whitney's Marcel Breuer building at 945 Madison Avenue for eight years with the option to extend, plans to use the space to house its modern and contemporary art collections.
In 1949, Marcel Breuer built an elegant, butterfly-roofed, cedar-clad house in the garden of the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York.