Marcel Lajos Breuer

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Breuer, Marcel Lajos


Born May 21, 1902, in Pecs, Hungary. American architect.

Breuer studied and worked in 1920-28 in Germany at the Bauhaus (mainly as a furniture designer), and in 1925 he invented tubular steel furniture. In 1928-31 he lived in Berlin, in 1935-37 in London, and after 1937 in the USA (where up to 1941 he collaborated with W. Gropius). As one of the leaders of functionalism he strove for a functional sharpness of composition, clarity of building structures, and compactness of planes and volumes. Breuer’s buildings include the Bijenkorf department store in Rotterdam (1956-57), an enclosed area with widely spaced slit-shaped windows, a controlled climate, and artificial illumination; the UNESCO building in Paris (1953-57, jointly with B. Zehrfuss and P. L. Nervi); a gymnasium in Litchfield, Conn. (1954-56); and the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York (1966). These buildings demonstrate the achievement and possibilities of modern architecture and are notable for the plastic expressiveness and skillful use of the structural and artistic possibilities of concrete.


Breuer, Marcel. Buildings and Projects, 1921-1961. London, 1962.
References in periodicals archive ?
Marcel Breuer insistia sobre esta misma cuestion, mostrandose, quizas, algo mas extremo: "Si el Estilo Internacional equivale a un rigorismo tecnico e impersonal,
Marcel Breuer, 'Architectural Details', Architectural Record, February 1964, 121.
Ver entrevista en el libro WILLS, Christopher, Marcel Breuer, Furniture and Interiors, nueva York, catalogo para la exposicion del MoMA, 1981.
Walter Gropius and Marcel Breuer went on to teach at Harvard's Graduate School of Design.
The building, which promises to be three times larger than the Marcel Breuer monolith, will include an 18,000-square-foot gallery for special exhibitions, making it the largest column-free museum gallery in the city, according to a news release.
El otro tipo de nucleo organizativo de esta fase temprana es el espacio de reducidas proporciones que media entre dos nucleos definidos como zona de dia y zona de noche, sistema que originalmente fue utilizado por Marcel Breuer para sus casas americanas de los anos cuarenta y cincuenta, y que es probable que Rafael y Jose Maria Obregon conocieran de cerca, debido a su estadia academica en Estados Unidos durante la decada de los cuarenta.
Gatje, formerly a partner of Marcel Breuer and Richard Meier, retired from practice in 1995, and found plenty to do, including spending a half a dozen years on this project.
The Wassily chair was designed by German Marcel Breuer (1902-1991) in 1925-26 and was originally manufactured by Mannesman Steel.
A display of 'low-cost' chairs designed by Eero Saarinen, Charles Eames and Marcel Breuer is the star of the show, but smaller artefacts also succeed in sustaining interest.
On a smaller scale, the iconic "Wassily chair" designed by Marcel Breuer in 1926 is among the pieces on display in Berlin.
Y entre las mas frivolas pero acertadas se cuenta el ensamblaje de Edgar Orlaineta, en el que una bicicleta de trabajo carga una silla que reproduce a la famosa Wassily de Marcel Breuer.