Marcel Griaule


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Griaule, Marcel

 

Born May 16, 1898, in Aisy-sur-Armançon, in the department of Yonne; died Feb. 22, 1956, in Paris. French ethnologist. Professor of the University of Paris (from 1942). Secretary general of the Society of Af-ricanists.

An organizer of five expeditions to Africa, Griaule devoted his main studies to the spiritual culture and archaeology of the peoples of West Africa. These works expressed strong antiracist sentiments. However, while demanding respect for African civilization, Griaule reduced its essence to religious beliefs and mythology and actually advocated the preservation of those archaic elements of African culture that hinder the development of a new Africa.

WORKS

Les Flambeurs d’hommes. Paris, 1934.
Masques dogons. Paris, 1938.
Dieu d’eau. Entretiens avec Ogotemmêli. Paris, 1948.
“Fouilles dans le région du Tchad.” Journal de la Société desAfricanistes, 1948, vol. 18; 1950, vol. 20. (With J. P. Lebeuf.)
Méthode de l’ethnographie. Paris, 1957.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Nous ne saurons jamais ce qu'a pense Koguem, l'un des principaux informateurs de Marcel Griaule, en decouvrant la Grande galerie de zoologie du Museum national d'histoire naturelle, les 26 et 27 aout 1952.
Mais le chapitre devoile aussi nombres d'episodes inapercus des historiens sur la vie du Musee et la succession de Rivet, revoque en novembre 1940, oh les agissements de Marcel Griaule apparaissent en toute clarte.
Um breve artigo de Marcel Griaule, "Ceramica", constitui um bom exemplo desse recentramento da reflexao museografica em torno do valor de uso.
The show will unfold from the newly expanded Palais de Tokyo to neighboring institutions along La Colline des Musees, with an approach to cultural transnationalism inspired by twentieth-century ethnographers Marcel Mauss, Michel Leiris, and Marcel Griaule.
The museum has drawn upon and extended the work of Louis Deplagnes in the early years of the twentieth century, and Marcel Griaule in the 1930S, who both dedicated many years in attempting to uncover some of the mysteries that still surround the Dogon's origins, their beliefs and rituals.
It is therefore easy to understand why the French surrealist writer Michel Leiris was keen to participate in the expedition from Dakar to Djibouti, led by his friend, the ethnographer Marcel Griaule.
En sus busquedas bibliograficas en Paris conoce a Marcel Griaule, entre otros africanistas.
As Alice Gallois has explained, Marcel Griaule, Paul Rivet, and Andre Leroi-Gourhan combated this somewhat retrograde suspicion of filmmaking by making films themselves as a supplement to their own fieldwork.
En El Africa fantasmal Leiris no escribe propiamente un libro de viajes, que documenta sus andanzas en la expedicion etnografica de Marcel Griaule entre 1931 y 1933, sino que Crea las condiciones necesarias para desarrollar su pensamiento.
At the Institut d'Ethnologie in the late 1920s and early 1930s, ethnographers in Africa, the Americas, and the Pacific included Marcel Griaule (leader of the Dakar-Djibouti Expedition of 1931-33), Georges-Henri Riviere (Musee d'Ethnographie du Trocadero), Jeanne Cuisinier (Malay States), Paul-Emile Victor (Greenland), Alfred Metraux (Argentina), Georges Devereux (Moi Sedang), Charles Le Coeur (Morocco), Jacques Soustelle (Mexico), Therese Riviere (Algeria), Denise Paulme (Dogon).
Inspired by this trip, upon his return to Paris he began a doctorate in anthropology under the supervision of Marcel Griaule, who remained his mentor through many shared trips to Africa.
To make this point clear: Le Char des Dieux can even cut and use, and it does use, pictures of the film of Marcel Griaule on Badiangara in its representation of every day life in Cameroon, as it uses pictures of Rene Bugniet's films made the same year in Cameroon, and even pictures of Au pays des buveurs de sang (1932), a racist fiction made in Kenya by Maurice Pierrat.