Menéndez y Pelayo, Marcelino

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Menéndez y Pelayo, Marcelino

(märthālē`nō mānān`dĕth ē pālä`yō), 1856–1912, Spanish literary historian and critic. His vast contribution to Spanish scholarship includes Historia de los heterodoxos españoles (1880–82), a panoramic history of Spain; Historia de las ideas estéticas en España (1883–91), an equally panoramic cultural history of Spain; an anthology of Castilian poetry (13 vol., 1890–1908); an important anthology of Latin American poetry (1893–95). His masterpiece was the Orígines de la novela española (1905–15).

Menéndez y Pelayo, Marcelino

 

Born Nov. 3, 1856, in Santander, Spain; died there May 19, 1912. Spanish literary critic and cultural historian. Member of the Royal Spanish Academy (1880).

Menéndez y Pelayo belonged to the school of cultural history in literary criticism. In his works he emphasized the democratic and humanistic aspects of Spanish culture. His History of Aesthetic Ideas in Spain (1883-91) surveys Spanish aesthetic thought up to the 19th century. His Anthology of the Lyrical Poetry of Castile (vols. 1-14, 1890-1916) contains the most significant works of medieval Spanish poetry, including folk poetry. Menéndez y Pelayo’s The Origin of the Novel (vols. 1-4, 1905-15) gives a history of the development of Spanish prose during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.

Menéndez y Pelayo was the author of Calderón and His Theater (1881) and Studies on the Theater of Lope de Vega (vols. 1-6, 1919-27); he also wrote studies on Cervantes and Tirso de Molina. Other works include The History of Spanish-American Poetry (1911-13), the first scholarly work on the history of the poetry of Latin America, Spanish Science (1876), and A History of Spanish Heretics (vols. 1-3, 1880-81).

WORKS

Edición nacional de las obras completas, vols. 1-64. Santander, 1940-56.

REFERENCES

Artigas, M. La vida y la obra de Menéndez y Pelayo. Zaragoza, 1939.
Simón Díaz, J. Estudios sobre Menéndez y Pelayo. Madrid, 1954.
Alonso, D. Menéndez y Pelayo crítico literario. Madrid [1956].

Z. I. PLAVSKIN

References in periodicals archive ?
Por ejemplo, me entere anoche de que hubo un curioso intento de canonizar a don Marcelino Menendez y Pelayo, el autor de la enorme Historia de los heterodoxos espanoles.
Durante ese periodo, Henriquez Urena estaba leyendo a Marcelino Menendez y Pelayo, Ramon Menendez Pidal, Miguel de Unamuno, Jose Ortega y Gasset, a los autores de la Generacion del '98, a los autores del Siglo de Oro espanol, a los clasicos griegos y latinos, a filosofos como Comte y Nietzsche, al critico Matthew Arnold y al historiador del arte Walter Pater.
Fue el escritor espanol Marcelino Menendez y Pelayo quien le otorgo a Bogota el rotulo de "Atenas Sudamericana".
If a play is not one of Lope's dozen or so recognized masterpieces, the scholar frequently has to revert to a text established by Don Marcelino Menendez y Pelayo for the oversized Obras volumes published by the Real Academia Espanola beginning in 1890.
Por una parte, no significa ni mas ni menos que seguir una rica y larga tradicion intelectual en la que aparecen escritores como Marcelino Menendez y Pelayo, Pedro Henriquez Urena, Mariano Picon-Salas, German Carrillo Arciniegas y otros.
Y es observacion de don Marcelino Menendez y Pelayo, que estudio a fondo sus manuscritos para la edicion de la Real Academia de la Lengua de las comedias completas del Fenix, que sobre "las tachaduras y enmiendas, de que ningun borrador de Lope carece, [.
To date, the only "complete" edition of his plays is to be found in the multivolume series begun by Marcelino Menendez y Pelayo for the Real Academia Espanola around 1890 and finished a generation later in the 1930s.
Durante varias decadas, el filologo Marcelino Menendez y Pelayo (1856-1912) fue un dictador supremo del mundo literario hispanoamericano y hoy se le recuerda, sobre todo, por su tozudo empeno en excluir de nuestro canon los grandes poemas de Gongora y el Primero sueno de Sor Juana.
His unfinished history, which extends only to the end of the fifteenth century, was taken up years later by a young scholar, Marcelino Menendez y Pelayo, who broadened considerably the scope of his own research by exploring different areas of the Renaissance and by focusing on the underlying connections among literature, aesthetics, philosophy, religious ideas, ethics, history and the sciences.
Rescatar del olvido la figura de don Marcelino Menendez y Pelayo, el hombre adusto y distante que, sin embargo, construyo una magna obra, cuyo punto culminante es Historia de los heterodoxos espanoles, es el "pretexto" de Vargas Llosa para volver a describir el vacio de una vida sin literatura.
Dos horas despues de que Marco Aurelio Major me llamara por telefono para invitarme a presentar el libro Los dientes eran el piano, de Hugo Hiriart, leia yo las amenas noticias de Marcelino Menendez y Pelayo sobre la corte poetica del rey castellano don Juan II.