Marche


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Marche

(märsh), region and former province, central France, on the NW margin of the Massif CentralMassif Central
[Fr.,=central highlands], great mountainous plateau, c.33,000 sq mi (85,470 sq km), S central France, covering almost a sixth of the surface of the country.
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. It is coextensive with Creuse dept., much of the Haute-Vienne dept., and parts of Vienne, Indre, and Charente depts. GuéretGuéret
, town (1990 pop. 15,718), capital of Creuse dept., central France. It is a market center and an industrial town. Metals (especially aluminum), shirts, jewelry, and handicrafts are the principal manufactures. In the 13th cent.
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 is the chief town. Marche is primarily an agricultural region that also specializes in sheep raising. The wool is manufactured into carpets and tapestries at Felletin and Aubusson. The name of the region derived from its location as a northern border fief (march) of the duchy of AquitaineAquitaine
, Lat. Aquitania, former duchy and kingdom in SW France. Julius Caesar conquered the Aquitani, an Iberian people of SW Gaul, in 56 B.C. The province that he created occupied the territory between the Garonne River and the Pyrenees; under Roman rule it was
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. Marche passed (13th cent.) to the house of Lusignan but was seized (early 14th cent.) by Philip IV of France. Briefly united with the crown lands, it ultimately became an appanage of the house of Bourbon. It came definitively to France in 1531, following the confiscation (1527) of the lands of Constable Charles de Bourbon by Francis I.

Marche

(mär`kā) or

the Marches,

region (1991 pop. 1,429,205), 3,742 sq mi (9,692 sq km), E central Italy, extending from the eastern slopes of the Apennines to the Adriatic Sea. AnconaAncona
, city (1991 pop. 101,285), capital of Ancona prov., chief city of Marche region, central Italy, on a promontory in the Adriatic Sea. It is a leading Adriatic naval and commercial port, handling freight and passenger traffic to Greece and Croatia for much of central
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 is the capital of the region, which is divided into the provinces of Ancona, Ascoli Piceno, Macerata, and Pesaro e Urbino (named after their chief cities). The Marche is mostly hilly or mountainous, except for a narrow coastal strip, and is drained by the Metauro, Potenza, Tronto, and Nera rivers. Farming is the chief occupation; cereals, olives, grapes, vegetables, and tobacco are the main products, and livestock is raised. Industry has expanded in the 20th cent. with the construction of hydroelectric facilities. Manufactures include ships, textiles, chemicals, musical instruments, and pottery. Commercial and fishing ports are located at Ancona, Pesaro, Fano, and Senigallia. The Umbri and the Picentes (Greek colonists for whom part of the region was called Picenum) lived in the region when it was colonized (3d cent. B.C.) by Rome. After the fall of Rome the area was invaded by the Goths. In the 6th cent. the northern section, including four of the cities of the Pentapolis (Ancona, Fano, Pesaro, and Senigallia) and adjoining territories, came under Byzantine rule; the southern section became a part of the Lombard duchy of SpoletoSpoleto
, city (1991 pop. 37,763), Umbria, central Italy. It is a light industrial and tourist center. An Umbrian and later an Etruscan town, the city flourished after being taken (242 B.C.) by the Romans. It later became (c.A.D.
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. In the 8th cent. the region passed, as part of the donations of Pepin the Short (754) and Charlemagne (774), under the nominal rule of the papacy, but later emperors granted fiefs in the area until the 13th cent. The name Marche [boundaries] originated around the 10th cent., because the fiefs of Ancona, Fermo, and Camerino were established at the border of the Holy Roman Empire. Despite the strength of the popes and the emperors, who contested for control of the region, some cities established free communes or were governed by noble families (including the Malatesta, the Varano, and the Montefeltro). From the 13th to the 16th cent. the popes gradually established their rule in the Marche and ended local autonomy. The region was occupied by the French from 1797 to 1815, when it was restored to the papacy. The Marche was united with the kingdom of Sardinia in 1860.

Marche

a former province of central France
References in periodicals archive ?
Dans une seconde etape, l'application des regles relatives aux pratiques anticoncurrentielles suppose une evaluation juridique de la puissance de marche de l'entreprise sous examen, c'est-a-dire de l'etendue de la domination qu'elle exerce sur son marche.
La Tavola Marche Agriturismo is located in Le Marche, Italy between the Apennine Mountains and the Adriatic Sea, offering a pleasant farm holiday completely submerged in nature, surrounded by picturesque rolling hills and farmland in a truffle-rich valley.
Mr de la Marche has been involved in the construction industry for many years, but his firm Delamar bought its first factory, at Browns Lane, earlier this year.
Marche is located in the Fifth Street Public Market, 296 E.
En raison de methodologies differentes, les estimations de Quick Frozen Foods International pour la consommation totale d'aliments surgeles des Etats-Unis ne correspondent pas a celles de Food for Thought, le cabinet d'etudes de marche base a Geneve, Suisse.
The agreement, which comes in accordance with the mutual agreements between the two national Governments, is intended to develop, facilitate and promote the scope and extent of cooperation and partnership between the Marche Region and Dubai in the sectors of economics and finance, industry, trade and investments, technology and science and promotion of tourism relation, setting up direct businesses, joint ventures and the strategic objectives and guidelines for such efforts and determining the operating procedures.
In 1861 Giovanni Morelli, a member of the Chamber of Deputies of the newly created Kingdom of Italy, was entrusted with the task of inventorying and describing works of art in the Marches and Umbria.
Les intervenants de la region ont vu dans la creation d'un groupe de producteurs de lait de chevre l'occasion de diversifier le secteur agricole de la region et de se tailler une place de choix dans un marche en plein essor, explique le directeur de la SADC, John Candie.
The Peacock Group, which has been in talks with Bon Marche since June 17, has conditionally agreed the purchase of the entire share capital of the stores, which, they say, will mean more shops and more jobs year-on-year for South Wales.
The Cardiff-based Peacock Group yesterday responded to press speculation by confirming that it is holding discussions with the board of Bon Marche Group about a possible acquisition.
The Bon Marche unveiled a new prototype store here, departing from its traditional department store model with a possible blueprint for other chains in Federated Department Stores' portfolio.
De la Marche, along with another Belgian journalist Eric Bracke and some friends were heading to a resort island off Zamboanga on June 13 when their boat was intercepted by suspected MILF members.