Marcion

Marcion

(mär`shən, mär`sēən), c.85–c.160, early Christian bishop, founder of the Marcionites, one of the first great Christian heresies to rival Catholic Christianity. He was born in Sinope. He taught in Asia Minor, then went (c.135) to Rome, where he perfected his theory. In 144 he was excommunicated from the church. He then formed a church of his own, which became widespread and powerful. Marcion taught that there were two gods, proclaiming that the stern, lawgiving, creator God of the Old Testament, and the good, merciful God of the New Testament were different. He considered the creator god the inferior of the two. Marcion also rejected the real incarnation of Christ, claiming that he was a manifestation of the Father. Though generally seen as one of the most important leaders of the somewhat loosely defined movement known as Gnosticism, he did not share some of the main premises of other Gnostic sects. He believed in salvation by faith rather than by gnosis; he rejected the Gnostic emanation theory; and he sought truth in his own truncated version of the New Testament, which included only 10 of the so-called Pauline Epistles and an edited version of St. Luke. He completely rejected the Old Testament. He explained in his Antitheses that since Jewish law was often opposed to St. Paul, all passages in the Bible that suggested the Jewish foundation of Christianity should be suppressed, even including such statements by St. Paul (see antinomianismantinomianism
[Gr.,=against the law], the belief that Christians are not bound by the moral law, particularly that of the Old Testament. The idea was strong among the Gnostics, especially Marcion.
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). Marcionism emphasized asceticism and influenced the developments of ManichaeismManichaeism
or Manichaeanism
, religion founded by Mani (c.216–c.276). Mani's Life

Mani (called Manes by the Greeks and Romans) was born near Baghdad, probably of Persian parents; his father may have been a member of the Mandaeans.
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, by which it was later absorbed. Its effect on orthodox Christianity was to cause a canonical New Testament to be assembled and promulgated and the fulfillment of the Old Law in the New Law to be clearly enounced.
References in periodicals archive ?
Marcion, the second-century heretic who severed the intrinsic relationship between the two testaments of the Bible in order to produce a purportedly pure gospel, had modern-day analogues who worked to rend the fabric of European culture in the name of the wholly emancipated modern individual.
To describe the heretic Marcion (who rejected the Old Testament) as "one of the most significant Christian thinkers of the second century" is a dubious claim.
Podemos decir, pues, que en la presente obra resuena con especial eco la presencia de Cristo en el Antiguo Testamento: sus teofanias y sus prefiguraciones; la categoria del Nombre de Cristo, las expresiones para aludir a la Encarnacion e, incluso, al bifisismo; el antidocetismo como respuesta a Marcion, plasmado especialmente en la explanacion de los misterios en carne de Cristo, y, por ultimo, el sacerdocio de Jesucristo como culmen de su obra salvifica por todos los hombres>> (p.
A / 29 Palermo - Mazara del Vallo work upgrading using reinforcement and rehabilitation efforts dell~introdosso slabs and batteries, renovation of viaducts expansion joints Heritage, Marcion and Parrino ~along the suspender Alcamo West .
El origen de su nombre es incierto: la hipotesis que lo hace derivar de la del apostol Pablo (ver la predileccion de Marcion por Pablo) parece mas probable que la mencion de un Pablo hijo de un tal Callinico que se le relaciona a veces con Pablo de Samosata (Bohlig, "Pauliciens", 421-422).
Synopsis: Set in Rome in 2012, "Revelations of the Ruby Crystal" is the story of Sarah Adamson, a beautiful young Catholic graduate student from Boston studying at the Vatican Library for her thesis on the first Christian heretic, Marcion of Pontus.
In 144 CE, Christian father Marcion of Pontus claimed the Gospel of Luke was corrupted, including Jesus being a Hebrew.
For example, the early church was intensely conservative in that, even when it went out into the Gentile world, it continually used the Old Testament as Scripture, and when in the third century Marcion advocated abandoning the Old Testament, the church condemned his proposal.
The ghost of Marcion, who, in the second century, taught that the God of the Old Testament was a different, inferior God to the God of the New Testament, has always been with us.
Palestinian evangelicals subscribing to liberation theology, most notably Naim Ateek of Sabeel, like Marcion, unapologetically call for the removal of the Old Testament and Hebraisms from the Bible because of the challenges they present for Palestinian believers.
The danger ensconced in the christological concentration was evident early on in the proposals of Marcion of Sinope and Manichaeism that, while officially repulsed, still haunted Christian theology and preaching from time to time.
Ademas de Simon el Mago y de Apolonio de Tiana, la secta de los gnosticos contaba entre sus jefes a un gran numero de hombres ilustres tales como Basilides, Marcion, Jamblico, Plotino, Porfirio, etc.