Marcomanni


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Marcomanni:

see GermansGermans,
great ethnic complex of ancient Europe, a basic stock in the composition of the modern peoples of Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Iceland, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, N Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, N and central France, Lowland Scotland, and England.
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Marcomanni

 

a tribe of ancient Germans.

In the second half of the first millennium B.C. the Marcomanni inhabited the territory of present-day Saxony and Thuringia. In the late second and early first centuries B.C. they moved into the region of the middle and upper Main. In the early first century B.C. the Marcomanni probably belonged to the confederation of tribes headed by Ariovistus. In 8 B.C., after the Romans took northern Germany, the Marcomanni settled in what is now Bohemia, where they joined a confederation of tribes headed by Maroboduus. After the Cherusci leader Arminius defeated Maroboduus in A.D. 17, the Marcomanni retreated toward the Danube. In the first and second centuries the Marcomanni and Quadi, frequently acting together, constantly threatened the Ro-mans on the Danube border. In 166-180 their onslaughts developed into the Marcomannic War of 166-180. In the late third century the Marcomanni even threatened Rome. In the fourth century the Marcomanni became part of the Great Migration of Peoples. In the late fifth century they settled in Bavaria.

REFERENCE

Germanische Altertumskunde. Edited by H. Schneider. Munich, 1951.
References in periodicals archive ?
Likewise, there is a timely warning against Czech archaeologists using Classical sources--for example, Julius Caesar's campaign notebooks are concerned with Western, not Central, Europe, although Tacitus' account of the defeat of the remnants of the Boii by the Germanic Marcomanni deserves more credence.
Notwithstanding, to have this bridge between the strictly prehistoric period and the beginnings of history, with the coming of the Marcomanni and the defeat of the Boii, is valuable.
This project reminded me an old topic of philosophical historiography about Marcus Aurelius, the first Austrian philosopher, because he wrote some chapters of his main work in the field of his battle against Marcomanni and Quadi in a region, which later became the part of the Hapsburg Empire (Mester 2008).
A bit earlier, Marcus Aurelius wrote his Meditations in the general neighborhood as he battled the "Quadi and Marcomanni.
Their origins are obscure, the Baltic origin is most probably a complete myth, and even when they first get mentioned in connexion with the Marcomanni in the second century AD their territory is vaguely defined as somewhere on the Middle Danube, perhaps the upper Tisza valley.