Mark Antony

(redirected from Marcus Antonius)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Marcus Antonius: Marcus Aemilius Lepidus

Mark Antony

 

(also Marcus Antonius). Born circa 83 B. C.; died circa 30 B. C. Roman political leader and general.

Mark Antony gained distinction as a cavalry leader during the war in Palestine and Egypt (57–55 B. C.). In 54 B. C. he attached himself to Julius Caesar and participated in the Gallic campaigns. During the Civil War (49–45 B. C.) he actively supported Caesar; after the Battle of Pharsala in 48 B. C. he was appointed cavalry commander (magister equitum). After Caesar’s assassination Antony at first took a conciliatory position toward the murderers and the Senate, but soon his relations with the Senate sharply worsened, particularly because of his insistence on ruling Gaul. (Antony was relying on the army, which included many of Caesar’s veterans.) The matter came to an open break, and the Senate sent troops against Antony. In 43 B. C. near the city of Mutina, Antony suffered a defeat, but then under pressure from the army a union occurred, including Antony, Octavian, and Lepidus (the Second Triumvirate). In 42 B. C. at Philippi in Macedonia, Antony and Octavian utterly defeated the armies of Brutus and Cassius. In the division of the provinces among the triumvirs which followed this action Antony was given the eastern regions of the Roman dominions to rule. During his stay in the east, Antony conducted several unsuccessful campaigns against the Parthians.

In the east Antony behaved like an autocrat; he began a love affair with the Egyptian queen Cleopatra, giving enormous possessions to her and to her children. Such a policy led to a breakup of the triumvirs and aroused public opinion in Rome against Antony. The Senate declared war on Cleopatra. In 31 B. C. off the Cape of Actium the Egyptian fleet was crushed, and after the invasion of Egypt by Octavian’s army, Antony committed suicide.

REFERENCES

Mashkin, N. A. Printsipat Avgusta. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949.
Lindsay, J. Marc Antony, His World and His Contemporaries. London, 1936.

S. L. UTCHENKO

Antony, Mark

gives famous speech against Caesar’s assassins. [Br. Lit.: Julius Caesar]

Antony, Mark

Caesar’s beloved friend; turns public opinion against Caesar’s assassins. [Br. Lit.: Julius Caesar]
See: Loyalty

Antony, Mark

thinking Cleopatra is dead, he falls upon his sword. [Br. Lit.: Shakespeare Antony and Cleopatra]
See: Suicide
References in periodicals archive ?
Folkestone on April 12 was always the plan for Marcus Antonius when we saw the programme book; he is a winner there, it's nice and local, and it looked the perfect race.
The Inspirations of Oz Fine Art Collection features one-of-a-kind interpretive works of art, including painting, drawing and sculpture from esteemed artisans Angelo Aversa, Romero Britto, Gentle Giant, Phillip Graffham, Gris Grimly, Marcus Antonius Jansen, Johnny Johns, William Joyce, Joel Nakamura, Nelson De La Nuez, Glen Orbik, Ragnar, Alex Ross, Todd White and Yakovetic.
In one incident--probably staged--his political ally and fellow consul Marcus Antonius (Mark Anthony) attempted to place a diadem on Caesar's head during a major religious festival.
ROME was intrigued by the romance between the Queen of Egypt and Marcus Antonius, a senior consul.
EHCA officials presented maps and underwater photos taken at the site of the ruins of the Timonium, the palace where Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Caesar Marcus Antonius courted one another for three years from 32BC to 30BC before both committed suicide after the fall of their kingdom at the hands of Octavian, the conquering Roman warrior.
10 Folkestone SP forecast 5-6 Good effort in a jumpers bumper last time but not quite so good over hurdles and arguably not the form horse here, though the one that is, Marcus Antonius, ran such a moody race last time that you couldn't trust him.
Cosgrave was found to have used the whip eight times finishing a short-head second on Marcus Antonius in the Smiths News Handicap.