Marcus Aurelius


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Marcus Aurelius: Commodus

Marcus Aurelius

(Marcus Aelius Aurelius Antoninus) (mär`kəs ôrē`lēəs), 121–180, Roman emperor, named originally Marcus Annius Verus. He was a nephew of Faustina, the wife of Antoninus PiusAntoninus Pius
(Titus Aurelius Fulvus Boionius Arrius Antoninus) , A.D. 86–A.D. 161, Roman emperor (138–161). After a term as consul (120) he went as proconsul to Asia, where he governed with distinction.
..... Click the link for more information.
, who adopted him. Marcus married Antoninus' daughter, another Faustina. From youth he was a diligent student and a zealous Stoic. With his adoptive brother, Lucius Verus, as colleague, Marcus succeeded Antoninus in 161. Verus allowed him to dominate, and from 169 Marcus was sole emperor. His reign was spent defending the empire against Parthians, Germans, and Britons. He won a victory over the Marcomanni (167–168), which was commemorated by the Antonine column (Piazza Colonna, Rome), erected by his son and successor, CommodusCommodus
(Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus) , 161–192, Roman emperor (180–192), son and successor of Marcus Aurelius. In 180, reversing his father's foreign policy, he concluded peace with the German and the Sarmatian tribes and returned to his licentious pleasures in
..... Click the link for more information.
. Devoted to his duty and humanitarian in his conception of it, Marcus Aurelius was concerned with improving living conditions for the poor, particularly minors. He was always lenient with political criminals and tried to decrease the brutality at gladiatorial shows. He did, however, persecute the Christians, whom he regarded as natural enemies of the empire. His Meditations, available in several translations, expresses with great beauty and humanity a philosophy with a Stoic basis. The virtuous character of Marcus Aurelius is revealed in his letters to his tutor FrontoFronto
(Marcus Cornelius Fronto) , fl. 2d cent., Roman teacher and rhetorician, b. Numidia, Africa. Antoninus Pius made him consul in 143. A successful teacher and government official, Fronto was an admirer of the early Latin writers and tried unsuccessfully to bring about a
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Bibliography

See biography by A. R. Birley (1966); study by J. H. Oliver (1970).


Aurelius, Marcus:

see Marcus AureliusMarcus Aurelius
(Marcus Aelius Aurelius Antoninus) , 121–180, Roman emperor, named originally Marcus Annius Verus. He was a nephew of Faustina, the wife of Antoninus Pius, who adopted him. Marcus married Antoninus' daughter, another Faustina.
..... Click the link for more information.
.
References in periodicals archive ?
The words that grant it philosophical status, "according to Marcus Aurelius," are added at the end, as if a superfluous afterthought.
The book contains two intertwining facets: the Platonic theory and its influences on later scholars, and the identification of various rulers throughout history, from Marcus Aurelius and Julian the Apostate, to Frederick II of Sicily and Frederick the Great, to Thomas Jefferson, Lincoln, and even Lenin and Stalin, to name only a few, as "philosopher-kings" of some kind.
As the two great statues suggest, they benefited further from Hadrian's policy of civic patronage and then again under Marcus Aurelius (Figure 1; Boatwright 2000).
The prose is rendered in modern American English--clearly delivered and designed to present Marcus Aurelius to a contemporary audience.
This superb marble portrait of Lucius Verus from the ROM's collection was sculpted around the time Verus became co-emperor with his adopted brother, Marcus Aurelius, in 161 CE.
At the ruins, bags of rubbish litter the second-century Arch of Marcus Aurelius.
These lines come from the Meditations of Marcus Aurelius (1964, p.
At Marcus Aurelius Cafe one can puff nonchalantly on a hubbly bubbly whilst overlooking the Roman Arch.
The chapters on Hadrian, Marcus Aurelius, and Septimius Severus, which all use the Historia Augusta without disclosure of the problems involved with this source, as well as the chapter on Justinian, which presents redundant comments on Procopius throughout, would all have benefitted from such an editorial directive.
Roman General Maximus Decimus Meridius, a native of Hispania, leads the Roman army to victory against Germanic barbarians in the year CE 180, ending a prolonged war, and earning the esteem of elderly Emperor Marcus Aurelius.
What little is left remains because of Faustina, wife of Marcus Aurelius, who had the Agora rebuilt after an earthquake devastated the original in 178 AD.