Marcus Garvey


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Marcus Garvey
Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr.
Birthday
BirthplaceSt. Ann's Bay, Jamaica
Died
Occupation
Publisher, journalist
Known for Activism, Black nationalism, Pan-Africanism

Garvey, Marcus,

1887–1940, American proponent of black nationalism, b. Jamaica. At the age of 14, Garvey went to work as a printer's apprentice. After leading (1907) an unsuccessful printers' strike in Jamaica, he edited several newspapers in Costa Rica and Panama. During a period in London he took law classes and became interested in African history and black nationalism. His concern for the problems of blacks led him to found (1914) the Universal Negro Improvement Association and in 1916 he moved to New York City and opened a branch in Harlem. The UNIA was an organization designed "to promote the spirit of race pride." Broadly, its goals were to foster worldwide unity among all blacks and to establish the greatness of the African heritage. The organization quickly spread in black communities throughout the United States, the Caribbean, and Central America, and soon had thousands of members.

Garvey addressed himself to the lowest classes of blacks and rejected any notion of integration. Convinced that blacks could not secure their rights in countries where they were a minority race, he urged a "back to Africa" movement. In Africa, he said, an autonomous black state could be established, possessing its own culture and civilization, free from the domination of whites. Garvey was the most influential black leader of the early 1920s. His brilliant oratory and his newspaper, Negro World, brought him millions of followers. His importance declined, however, when his misuse of funds intended to establish a steamship company that would serve members of the African diaspora, the Black Star Line, resulted in a mail fraud conviction. He entered jail in 1925 and was deported to Jamaica two years later. From this time on his influence decreased, and he died in relative obscurity.

Bibliography

See Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey, compiled by A. J. Garvey (2d ed. 1967, repr. 1986); biographies by E. D. Cronon (1955, repr. 1969) and C. Grant (2008); studies by A. J. Garvey (1963), T. Vincent (1971), E. C. Fax (1972), E. D. Cronon, ed. (1973), J. H. Clarke, ed. (1974), and J. Stein (1985).

Garvey, Marcus (Moziah)

(1887–1940) social activist; born in St. Ann's Bay, Jamaica. Largely self-educated, he worked as a printer in Jamaica, edited several short-lived papers in Costa Rica and Panama, then founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) in Jamaica (1914). In 1916 he moved to New York City, where he established UNIA headquarters and started up the Negro World, a popular weekly newspaper that con- veyed his message of black pride. Launching several other African-American capitalist ventures, he presided over an international convention of black people in New York (1920), where he called for freedom from white domination in Africa. His later life, however, was anticlimatic. In 1923 he was convicted of mail fraud when selling stock in his failed Black Star steamship line, which was launched for maritime trade between black nations; he was sentenced (1923) to a five-year prison term. Other ventures also failed, including an attempt to foster black colonization to Liberia. After his release from prison (1927) he was deported to Jamaica; he moved to London in 1934 and never regained prominence. However, in stirring African-Americans with his message of pride in ancestry and prospects of self-sufficiency, he prefigured a later generation of African-American leaders such as Malcolm X.
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Or how about the Indians at Neuve Chapelle, the Turkish at Gallipoli or even how Marcus Garvey declared that the Caribbean should be involved as to gain equality and also handed over nearly PS60m in modern terms?
com)-- The New Vine And Branches Lounge is hosting the Universal Hip-Hop and Social Justice Parade (UHHP) Committee Meetings and will host the 13th Annual Marcus Garvey VIP Celebration on Saturday August 11th 2012.
1, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- Greektown Casino-Hotel donated more than 3,000 books yesterday to the Marcus Garvey Academy and Rose-Hill Academy.
Edden returns to Coventry after a short spell with last year's National League Division One champions Derby Trailblazers, assistant coach Marcus Garvey explaining: "Dave has come back to us because of the travelling he had to do and the limited court time he was getting.
Police Sergeant Marcus Garvey and PC Wayne Campbell wanted cannabis-smoking squatter Ben Thacker off their patch, Southwark Crown Court in London was told.

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