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1. (in England) an officer, usually a junior barrister, who accompanies a judge on circuit and performs miscellaneous secretarial duties
2. in the US
a. a Federal court officer assigned to a judicial district whose functions are similar to those of a sheriff
b. (in some states) the chief police or fire officer
3. (formerly in England) an officer of the royal family or court, esp one in charge of protocol
4. an obsolete word for ostler



(1) A court title in medieval France; the king’s servant who looked after his horses. In the 12th century the marshal became a court official who was the master of the king’s bodyguard, cavalry guard, and stables. Between 1180 and 1223 the title of “marshal of France” was introduced for the king’s marshal, as distinct from the marshals maintained by big feudal lords. In the 13th through 15th centuries the marshal commanded part of the royal army.

(2) The highest military rank (grade) in the armies of several countries, introduced in France in the 16th century. The marshal carried a baton as a special sign of distinction. The rank of marshal was abolished during the Great French Revolution in 1793 and restored by Napoleon I on May 19, 1804. In the 19th century the rank of marshal was introduced in Spain, Turkey (musir), Italy, and Japan, and in the 20th century in Great Britain (only in the air force—vice-marshal, marshal, chief marshal of aviation, and marshal of the Royal Air Force), India, Poland, Finland, Rumania, China (where it existed until 1965), the Korean People’s Democratic Republic, the Mongolian People’s Republic, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, and several other countries. In Great Britain, Prussia (later Germany), Austria (later Austria-Hungary), and Russia the rank of field marshal corresponded to the rank of marshal. In the USSR the rank of marshal of the Soviet Union was introduced in 1935, and the ranks of marshal of a combat arm and chief marshal of a combat arm were introduced in 1943.

(3) In Poland the title of several civilian officials (marshal of the Sejm and vice-marshal of the Sejm).


An English word that means to arrange into a particular order as a means of preparation. See data marshalling.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Corps Marechaussee were military gendarmes and both the Landmacht and KNIL maintained units of them.
Van Den Brink on his appointment as Commander of the Royal Netherlands Marechaussee and we very much look forward to hearing his insights into border security issues at the very highest level.
European Gendarmerie Capabilities Country Force Personnel Committed to EGF Italy Carabinieri 111,800 800 France Gendarmerie 101,399 600 Spain Guardia Civil 73,360 500 Portugal Republican Guard 26,100 160 Netherlands Marechaussee 6,800 100 TOTAL 319,459 2,160 Source: Institute for International Strategic Studies, Military Balance, 2003/04
La proximite est une composante fondamentale et, par certains cotes, fondatrice de l'action policiere de la gendarmerie, principalement depuis la sedentarisation de la marechaussee operee par l'edit du 9 mars 1720, qui devait realiser une colonisation de l'espace contribuant au processus d'unification nationale.
In the departmental archives of the Cantal, the author discovered reports of violent crime by the provincial marechaussee police and its court for the period 1587-64.
An Officer of the Marechaussee, who delivers a summons to Alceste.
Other speakers on hand will be representing organizations such as Club de Madrid, Royal Marechaussee, Interpol, Swedish Criminal Intelligence Service, Europol, Dutch Police, The Association of Chief Police Officers of England, Wales, N.
King Willem-Alexander brought a work visit to the Brigade Recherche of the Royal Marechaussee this morning.
With many of the member countries belonging to gendarmerie/ marechaussee type forces (which have an understanding of military police that differs significantly from that of nations that have no civilian police authorities), reaching an agreement on common definitions won't be easy.
Curacao also should strengthen cooperation within the Kingdom, particularly among agencies such as the Public Prosecutors Office, Customs, Immigration, Revenue Services, Coast Guard, and the Royal Dutch Marechaussee (military police).
Grande has received the ACA Military Corrections Committee's (MCC) Austin McCormick Award and the Military Police Regimental Association's Order of the Marechaussee (bronze).