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1. (in England) an officer, usually a junior barrister, who accompanies a judge on circuit and performs miscellaneous secretarial duties
2. in the US
a. a Federal court officer assigned to a judicial district whose functions are similar to those of a sheriff
b. (in some states) the chief police or fire officer
3. (formerly in England) an officer of the royal family or court, esp one in charge of protocol
4. an obsolete word for ostler



(1) A court title in medieval France; the king’s servant who looked after his horses. In the 12th century the marshal became a court official who was the master of the king’s bodyguard, cavalry guard, and stables. Between 1180 and 1223 the title of “marshal of France” was introduced for the king’s marshal, as distinct from the marshals maintained by big feudal lords. In the 13th through 15th centuries the marshal commanded part of the royal army.

(2) The highest military rank (grade) in the armies of several countries, introduced in France in the 16th century. The marshal carried a baton as a special sign of distinction. The rank of marshal was abolished during the Great French Revolution in 1793 and restored by Napoleon I on May 19, 1804. In the 19th century the rank of marshal was introduced in Spain, Turkey (musir), Italy, and Japan, and in the 20th century in Great Britain (only in the air force—vice-marshal, marshal, chief marshal of aviation, and marshal of the Royal Air Force), India, Poland, Finland, Rumania, China (where it existed until 1965), the Korean People’s Democratic Republic, the Mongolian People’s Republic, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, and several other countries. In Great Britain, Prussia (later Germany), Austria (later Austria-Hungary), and Russia the rank of field marshal corresponded to the rank of marshal. In the USSR the rank of marshal of the Soviet Union was introduced in 1935, and the ranks of marshal of a combat arm and chief marshal of a combat arm were introduced in 1943.

(3) In Poland the title of several civilian officials (marshal of the Sejm and vice-marshal of the Sejm).


An English word that means to arrange into a particular order as a means of preparation. See data marshalling.
References in periodicals archive ?
Van Den Brink on his appointment as Commander of the Royal Netherlands Marechaussee and we very much look forward to hearing his insights into border security issues at the very highest level.
European Gendarmerie Capabilities Country Force Personnel Committed to EGF Italy Carabinieri 111,800 800 France Gendarmerie 101,399 600 Spain Guardia Civil 73,360 500 Portugal Republican Guard 26,100 160 Netherlands Marechaussee 6,800 100 TOTAL 319,459 2,160 Source: Institute for International Strategic Studies, Military Balance, 2003/04
Both the Landmacht and the KNIL maintained units of Corps Marechaussee, para-military gendarmes.
Today, the Order of the Marechaussee is one of the most prestigious honors bestowed upon members of the Military Police Corps Regiment.
Both the KNIL and Corps Marechaussee were constantly involved in combating bandits and pirates in addition to periodic pacification campaigns against local sultans who did not care for the "benefits" of Dutch imperialism.
la Marechaussee, 1 place Saint Exupery, Toutes les questions devront etre adressees par ecrit, via la rubrique correspondance du profil acheteur: www.
These duties eventually led to the establishment of a mounted military police unit called the Marechaussee.
The situation is exacerbated by the fact that the semi-autonomous KNIL developed and issued its own variations of the carbine, as did the Korps Marechaussee (military gendarmes), local police, and the navy.
The Kosovo Forces (KFOR) Provost Marshal, Lieutenant Colonel Arend te Velde of the Royal Netherlands Marechaussee, developed the concept of the International Military Police Day.
The KNIL, Corps Marechaussee, Corps Mariniers and Dutch navy offered stiff resistance to superior Japanese forces until July, when the last units are forced to surrender.
The Marechaussee Corps maintained order and enforced the "Articles of War" in the often unruly and sometimes undependable American Army.