Margaret of Anjou


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Related to Margaret of Anjou: War of the Roses, Elizabeth Woodville

Margaret of Anjou

(ăn`jo͞o, Fr. äNzho͞o`), 1430?–1482, queen consort of King Henry VIHenry VI,
1421–71, king of England (1422–61, 1470–71). Reign
Early Years

The only son of Henry V and Catherine of Valois, he became king of England when he was not yet nine months old.
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 of England, daughter of René of Anjou. Her marriage, which took place in 1445, was negotiated by William de la Pole, 4th earl (later 1st duke) of Suffolk (see under PolePole,
English noble family. The first member of importance was William de la Pole, d. 1366, a rich merchant who became the first mayor of Hull (1332) and a baron of the exchequer (1339).
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, family). Margaret soon asserted influence at the English court, allying herself with Suffolk and Edmund Beaufort, 2d duke of SomersetSomerset, Edmund Beaufort, 2d duke of,
d. 1455, English statesman and general. He fought in France in the Hundred Years War, receiving his first command in 1431, recapturing Harfleur in 1440, and relieving Calais in
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, in their rivalry with Richard, duke of YorkYork, Richard, duke of,
1411–60, English nobleman, claimant to the throne. He was descended from Edward III through his father, Richard, earl of Cambridge, grandson of that king, and also through his mother, Anne Mortimer, great-granddaughter of Lionel, duke of Clarence,
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, heir presumptive to the throne. When the king became temporarily insane in 1453, York was made protector, but the birth (1453) of Margaret's son, Edward (which destroyed Richard's chances of succession), and Henry's recovery of his faculties (1454), allowed Margaret to regain the ascendancy. With the clash between the followers of York (the Yorkists) and the supporters of the king (the Lancastrians) at St. Albans (1455), the Wars of the Roses began (see Roses, Wars of theRoses, Wars of the,
traditional name given to the intermittent struggle (1455–85) for the throne of England between the noble houses of York (whose badge was a white rose) and Lancaster (later associated with the red rose).

About the middle of the 15th cent.
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). Margaret was very active in the warfare; for 16 years she fought in defense of her son's claim to the throne. Richard of York was killed (1460), but Richard Neville, earl of WarwickWarwick, Richard Neville, earl of
, 1428–71, English nobleman, called the Kingmaker. Through his grandfather, Ralph Neville, 1st earl of Westmorland, he had connections with the house of Lancaster; he was also the nephew of Cecily Neville, wife of Richard, duke of York.
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, and Edward, the new duke of York (later Edward IVEdward IV,
1442–83, king of England (1461–70, 1471–83), son of Richard, duke of York. He succeeded to the leadership of the Yorkist party (see Roses, Wars of the) after the death of his father in Wakefield in 1460.
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), took up the Yorkist cause. After the Lancastrian defeat at Towton (1461), Margaret went to Scotland with her son and husband and thence to France, where she secured aid for an abortive invasion (1463) of England. Thereafter she was forced to bide her time until, following the quarrel between Warwick and Edward IV, she made common cause with Warwick to invade England and restore Henry VI to the throne (1470). The next year Edward IV triumphed at Tewkesbury, where Margaret was captured and her son killed. The payment of ransom by Louis XI enabled her to return to France (1476), where she spent her last years in poverty.

Bibliography

See biography by P. Erlanger (tr. 1970); E. F. Jacob, The Fifteenth Century (1961); J. H. Dahmus, Seven Medieval Queens (1972).

Margaret of Anjou

1430--82, queen of England. She married the mentally unstable Henry VI of England in 1445 to confirm the truce with France during the Hundred Years' War. She became a leader of the Lancastrians in the Wars of the Roses and was defeated at Tewkesbury (1471) by Edward IV
References in periodicals archive ?
And what really made her day was meeting the characters after the show, including Margaret of Anjou, her new heroine
The actor's power to affect a dramatic text gets broader historical context in Sarah Burdett's study of the eighteenth-century actress Sarah Yates's portrayal of Margaret of Anjou.
The castle was also used as a place of shelter to Henry VI's queen Margaret of Anjou - one of the last Lancastrian strongholds during the Wars of the Roses.
The lives of each of the queens are described through a label, including Catherine de Valois, Margaret of Anjou, Elizabeth Woodville, Elizabeth of York, Catherine of Aragon, Anne of Cleves, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Catherine Parr, Catherine Howard, Jane Grey, Mary Stuart, Queen Mary I, and Elizabeth I.
In turn, that heterodox spirit made the family a hotbed of independent-spirited female rulers--women like Eleanor of Aquitaine, Marie of Champagne, and Margaret of Anjou.
The manuscripts include the French presentation copy of the Shrewsbury Book of Romances presented to Margaret of Anjou, wife of Henry VI, as a gift for their marriage in 1445, and chronicles and histories written for Edward IV.
It is believed that Henry VI's Queen, Margaret of Anjou, stayed at Owlpen the night before the 1471 Battle of Tewkesbury where her son Edward was slain and the Yorkists defeated the Lancastrians in the Wars of the Roses.
In the book's most complex chapter, "The Sword and the Cloister," Warren traces a triangular relationship among Joan of Arc, Margaret of Anjou (wife of England's Henry VI), and Christine de Pizan, author of, among many other things, poems celebrating Joan.
The first battle in the War of the Roses - the Battle of Blore Heath in 1459 - took place literally over and around Daisy Lake, and it is reputed that Queen Margaret of Anjou watched on from nearby Mucklestone Church.
The 'centrality of John Studley's Medea to Shakespeare's conception of Joan la Pucelle, Margaret of Anjou, and Tamora' (p.
In 2 and 3 Henry VI, Shakespeare similarly interrogates the chronicles, this time in order to invite scepticism about their truth and doubts about their integrity: in 2 Henry VI, for instance, scepticism about Eleanor Cobham's alleged necromancy and treason from a historiographic perspective similar to that of Foxe in his vindication of Eleanor; in 3 Henry VI, scepticism about the Yorkist demonization of Margaret of Anjou from a perspective that privileges national interests rather than normative expectations of gendered behaviour and the politics of the aristocracy.