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a city in Fergana Oblast, Uzbek SSR, located in the southeastern part of the Fergana Valley, in the foothills of the Alai Range, near the Margilan railroad station (on the Andizhan-Kokand line). It is a highway junction. Population, 106,-000 in 1973 (36,500 in 1897, 44,000 in 1926, 68,000 in 1959, and 95,000 in 1970). Margilan is one of the old cities in Uzbekistan’s Fergana Valley, having been known since the eighth century. It was captured by Russian troops in 1875. During the years of Soviet power the city was transformed into a large center of the silk-processing industry. Margilan has a silk combine; the Atlas firm; a factory producing clothing of artistic value; mechanical repair, tractor repair, and wood-products plants; an iron foundry; and a dairy.

Margilan is an old center of traditional weaving by hand, famous for its khanatlas (silks with flowing iridescent designs) and printed fabrics. It is also known for its embroidery, produced both by hand and by machine, and architectural carving on wood andganch (a binding material used in plastering). The city has a research institute of the silk industry and the general engineering department of the Tashkent Institute of Textiles and Light Industry. There are evening textile, construction, accounting and credit, and economic planning technicums and preschool pedagogical and medical schools. The Iu. Akhunbabaev Memorial Museum is also in Margilan.


Khankel’dyev, Iu. Margilan. Tashkent, 1968.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Uzbeks were more likely to include their hometowns, demonstrating how the celebrity of Andijan girls helped consolidate a Soviet Uzbek national pride that inspired men from across the republic to write, including those from Khorezm, Bukhara, Samarkand, Tashkent, Margelan, Fergana, and Andijan, including several excited replies from "Izbaskentlis," and one from a native of O'g'ulxon's own kolkhoz.
Natural silk of Margelan masters, famous Rishtan ceramics from Uzbekistan and interesting ceramic items produced by Kyrgyz potters from Bishkek and Osh, diverse felt items from various oblasts of Kyrgyzstan, silver jewelries from Kazakhstan, ketene natural fabrics from Turkmenistan, traditional embroideries from Tajikistan and many other handicraft products are very popular among visitors, organizers say.
These took place in Fergana relatively late: surveying had started in 1889 and covered the whole district of Andijan (and one volost'in Osh district) in 1893, Margelan in 1896, Namangan in 1899, and Kokand in 1902.
Large landowners in the districts of Margelan and Andijan paid as little as 1.
Those in Andijan and Margelan agreed on the principle but regarded operational solutions with skepticism.
52) Margelan District Land-Tax Administration, "Postanovlenie," 26 January 1904, TsGARUz f.
72) Prices of raw cotton (syrets) in Turkestan, cotton yield (lint, volakno) since 1907, and lint to raw cotton ratios are from Iuferev, Khlopkovodstvo, 150, 106 (referred to Fergana; we assume a 20 poods yield per desiatina for the years before 1907, which is low), 139; wheat yield (40 poods per desiatina) and prices of wheat (1894, on Avval-Uzbek, Margelan district) from Palen, Pozemel 'no-podatnoe delo, 173, 178.